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    Esta investigación tiene como propósito principal hacer un análisis de la realidad socioambiental del Departamento del Valle del Cauca, tomando como base los principales momentos históricos que han sido relevantes en su desarrollo económico, social y político, así como el manejo que se ha dado a su medio natural primordialmente durante el siglo xx.

     

    Se identifican los factores más significativos que han incidido en el estado actual de los ecosistemas del territorio vallecaucano a partir del aprovechamiento de los diversos recursos naturales, en el marco de un proceso en el cual puede evidenciarse cómo algunas de las formas de explotación económica de este territorio han conducido a una radical transformación de su paisaje natural, a la desaparición de extensas zonas de bosques y humedales, así como a la contaminación y explotación intensiva de los recursos de agua y suelo, generando repercusiones de orden social.

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    Esta investigación tiene como propósito principal hacer un análisis de la realidad socioambiental del Departamento del Valle del Cauca, tomando como base los principales momentos históricos que han sido relevantes en su desarrollo económico, social y político, así como el manejo que se ha dado a su medio natural primordialmente durante el siglo xx.

     

    Se...

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    Doctora en “El medio ambiente natural y humano en las Ciencias Sociales”, Departamento de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Salamanca, 2006; Licencia en Ciencias Sociales. Facultad de Humanidades. Universidad del Valle. Santiago de Cali, 1996. Actualmente es profesora del Departamento de Historia, de la Facultad de Humanidades, de la Universidad del Valle en la coordinación del área de Pedagogía y dirige el curso de Historia ambiental. Fue docente de la Universidad Santiago de Cali, donde trabajó como Coordinadora del Centro de Investigaciones Pedagógicas Santiaguinas – CIPESA de la Facultad de Educación.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación e introducción: el contexto de la investigación a escala global y regional

     

    1. Un marco de reflexión para la crisis medioambiental
    2. La situación que se vive en Latinoamérica: la expresión de las desigualdades y la degradación de los recursos naturales
    3. Colombia, la escala de referencia regional: ámbito de gran diversidad en el mundo
    4. La fauna colombiana
    5. La flora colombiana
    6. Los recursos hídricos
    7. Principales factores de amenaza para la conservación
    8. La política agropecuaria: contradicciones y presión medioambiental
    9. El avance de la frontera agrícola y de la propiedad de la tierra
    10. Los cultivos ilícitos y su impacto en la biodiversidad
    11. Colombia y el conflicto armado
    12. La contaminación y sus graves efectos
    13. El ámbito de estudio: el Valle del Cauca, en el contexto general
    14. Objetivos y organización del trabajo
    15. Algunos aspectos metodológicos

     

    Capítulo 1

    Las condiciones ambientales y ecológicas del Valle del Cauca

     

    1. Localización geográfica del Valle del Cauca
    2. Fisiografía vallecaucana
    3. Principales características de las zonas fisiográficas
    4. Las ecorregiones vallecaucanas
    5. Recursos forestales en el Valle del Cauca. Áreas protegidas y de preservación
    6. Hidrografía vallecaucana

     

    Capítulo 2

    La población en el Valle del Cauca y sus procesos de cambio

     

    1. La población colombiana y su vigorosa expansión durante el siglo XX
    2. El desarrollo agrícola nacional y su incidencia en la redistribución de la población
    3. Los grandes cambios en la evolución demográfica colombiana
    4. Los problemas contemporáneos de Colombia
    5. El desplazamiento de la población: una grave crisis social
    6. Los desplazamientos: errantes por los caminos de Colombia
    7. La tierra: un recurso en disputa
    8. El narcotráfico: un flagelo que azota a Colombia
    9. La dinámica del crecimiento demográfico vallecaucano durante el siglo XX
    10. Algunos aspectos de la historia demográfica vallecaucana
    11. La expansión demográfica vallecaucana
    12. La renovación de las bases productivas, fuente de oportunidades laborales
    13. La zona rural y la paulatina reducción del número de habitantes
    14. La dinámica urbana y rural vallecaucana de fines de siglo
    15. El desplazamiento: un grave problema social en el Valle del Cauca  
    16. Las comunidades étnicas vallecaucanas, víctimas de la persecución
    17. Acciones del gobierno
    18. Santiago de Cali y los graves problemas de violencia
    19. El desplazamiento y sus efectos en Santiago de Cali
    20. La dinámica demográfica vallecaucana

     

    Capítulo 3

    La zona plana del Valle del Cauca: la ocupación y transformación de un fértil territorio

     

    1. Los cambios paisajísticos en el valle del río Cauca en los siglos XVI al XIX
    2. El recuerdo de un valle con muchos recursos naturales y la percepción de la biodiversidad
    3. La llegada del siglo XX y los grandes cambios del territorio vallecaucano
    4. El surgimiento de una industria muy rentable
    5. Estrategias para un mejor aprovechamiento del territorio
    6. La lucha por la tierra: una historia de despojo y violencia
    7. La intensificación de la explotación cañera y sus efectos
    8. La producción azucarera en los diversos municipios de la zona plana
    9. Cambios en la dinámica del paisaje vallecaucano

     

    Capítulo 4

    La zona norte del Valle del Cauca: del monocultivo cafetero a la diversificación agrícola

     

    1. Principales rasgos ambientales de la zona norte vallecaucana
    2. La población del norte del Valle del Cauca
    3. Los municipios y sus principales bases económicas
    4. El café: un cultivo de gran tradición
    5. Requerimientos y condiciones para una buena cosecha de café
    6. Evolución de la producción cafetera en el Valle del Cauca
    7. La industria en el norte del Valle del Cauca
    8. Principales problemas medioambientales del norte del Valle del Cauca
    9. Grave deterioro de los recursos hídricos de la zona norte
    10. El desarrollo productivo y los efectos negativos generados al medio ambiente
    11. Algunas medidas asumidas para intentar resolver problemas ambientales

     

    Capítulo 5

    La Costa Pacífica del Valle del Cauca: la diversidad ambiental y el significado portuario de Buenaventura

     

    1. Buenaventura en el Pacifico
    2. El ámbito general y las diferencias fisiográficas
    3. Bases geomorfológicas litorales: el significado de la bahía
    4. Red hidrográfica de Buenaventura
    5. El clima y los pisos térmicos de Buenaventura
    6. El medio natural bonaverense
    7. Interacción de las comunidades de Buenaventura con el medio natural
    8. Esbozo histórico acerca de la consolidación del puerto de Buenaventura
    9. Buenaventura y su acelerado incremento demográfico
    10. Los habitantes de la zona rural
    11. El grave desequilibrio del desarrollo social de Buenaventura
    12. La explotación económica del medio natural
    13. La pesca: un recurso básico en la Costa Pacífica vallecaucana
    14. Los recursos madereros: una historia de explotación forestal
    15. Principales problemas medioambientales de Buenaventura
    16. El agua: recurso vital sometido a la contaminación
    17. Otros problemas ambientales que afectan a la población
    18. La situación de los habitantes de la zona rural
    19. Algunos testimonios sobre los principales problemas que aquejan a la población  

     

    Capítulo 6

    La incidencia de las actividades productivas en el medio ambiente vallecaucano y en sus recursos naturales y humanos

     

    1. Las actividades socioeconómicas vallecaucanas y sus principales efectos sobre los recursos naturales
    2. El estado actual de los recursos naturales en el Valle del Cauca
    3. La flora y la fauna vallecaucana: una riqueza ecológica en peligro
    4. Conflictos en el uso del suelo y pérdida de biodiversidad
    5. La erosión de los suelos
    6. La Industrialización en el Valle del Cauca
    7. El crecimiento de la industria vallecaucana
    8. Consecuencias medioambientales y sociales de la industrialización. La situación de Yumbo: un municipio con graves problemas de contaminación
    9. Los graves efectos medioambientales del monocultivo de la caña de azúcar en el Valle del Cauca
    10. Los humedales vallecaucanos: un ecosistema con drásticos procesos de ocupación y de transformación
    11. La acelerada extinción de ecosistemas en la zona plana vallecaucana
    12. Principales factores de amenaza para los humedales y bosques vallecaucanos
    13. Palmira: epicentro del monocultivo cañero
    14. Principales aspectos característicos del municipio de Palmira
    15. El crecimiento urbano y de la población de Palmira
    16. Problemas de salud, por contaminación atmosférica
    17. El problema del agua
    18. Posición de la comunidad y de los gremios frente a los problemas producidos por el monocultivo
    19. Algunos esfuerzos ambientales de Asocaña
    20. Candelaria: riqueza ecológica y graves déficits socioambientales
    21. Posición geográfica
    22. Bases económicas y uso del suelo
    23. Breve repaso a la consolidación de la industria cañera en Candelaria
    24. Principales problemas medioambientales que afectan a la población de Candelaria
    25. Modo de reflexión crítica: consecuencias sociales y medioambientales de las diversas actividades productivas  
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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación e introducción: el contexto de la investigación a escala global y regional

     

    1. Un marco de reflexión para la crisis medioambiental
    2. La situación que se vive en Latinoamérica: la expresión de las desigualdades y la degradación de los recursos naturales
    3. Colombia, la escala de referencia regional: ámbito de gran diversidad en el mundo
    4. La fauna colombiana
    5. La flora colombiana
    6. Los recursos hídricos
    7. Principales factores de amenaza para la conservación
    8. La política agropecuaria: contradicciones y presión medioambiental
    9. El avance de la frontera agrícola y de la propiedad de la tierra
    10. Los cultivos ilícitos y su impacto en la biodiversidad
    11. Colombia y el conflicto armado
    12. La contaminación y sus graves efectos
    13. El ámbito de estudio: el Valle del Cauca, en el contexto general
    14. Objetivos y organización del trabajo
    15. Algunos aspectos metodológicos

     

    Capítulo 1

    Las condiciones ambientales y ecológicas del Valle del Cauca

     

    1. Localización geográfica del Valle del Cauca
    2. Fisiografía vallecaucana
    3. Principales características de las zonas fisiográficas
    4. Las ecorregiones vallecaucanas
    5. Recursos forestales en el Valle del Cauca. Áreas protegidas y de preservación
    6. Hidrografía vallecaucana

     

    Capítulo 2

    La población en el Valle del Cauca y sus procesos de cambio

     

    1. La población colombiana y su vigorosa expansión durante el siglo XX
    2. El desarrollo agrícola nacional y su incidencia en la redistribución de la población
    3. Los grandes cambios en la evolución demográfica colombiana
    4. Los problemas contemporáneos de Colombia
    5. El desplazamiento de la población: una grave crisis social
    6. Los desplazamientos: errantes por los caminos de Colombia
    7. La tierra: un recurso en disputa
    8. El narcotráfico: un flagelo que azota a Colombia
    9. La dinámica del crecimiento demográfico vallecaucano durante el siglo XX
    10. Algunos aspectos de la historia demográfica vallecaucana
    11. La expansión demográfica vallecaucana
    12. La renovación de las bases productivas, fuente de oportunidades laborales
    13. La zona rural y la paulatina reducción del número de habitantes
    14. La dinámica urbana y rural vallecaucana de fines de siglo
    15. El desplazamiento: un grave problema social en el Valle del Cauca  
    16. Las comunidades étnicas vallecaucanas, víctimas de la persecución
    17. Acciones del gobierno
    18. Santiago de Cali y los graves problemas de violencia
    19. El desplazamiento y sus efectos en Santiago de Cali
    20. La dinámica demográfica vallecaucana

     

    Capítulo 3

    La zona plana del Valle del Cauca: la ocupación y transformación de un fértil territorio

     

    1. Los cambios paisajísticos en el valle del río Cauca en los siglos XVI al XIX
    2. El recuerdo de un valle con muchos recursos naturales y la percepción de la biodiversidad
    3. La llegada del siglo XX y los grandes cambios del territorio vallecaucano
    4. El surgimiento de una industria muy rentable
    5. Estrategias para un mejor aprovechamiento del territorio
    6. La lucha por la tierra: una historia de despojo y violencia
    7. La intensificación de la explotación cañera y sus efectos
    8. La producción azucarera en los diversos municipios de la zona plana
    9. Cambios en la dinámica del paisaje vallecaucano

     

    Capítulo 4

    La zona norte del Valle del Cauca: del monocultivo cafetero a la diversificación agrícola

     

    1. Principales rasgos ambientales de la zona norte vallecaucana
    2. La población del norte del Valle del Cauca
    3. Los municipios y sus principales bases económicas
    4. El café: un cultivo de gran tradición
    5. Requerimientos y condiciones para una buena cosecha de café
    6. Evolución de la producción cafetera en el Valle del Cauca
    7. La industria en el norte del Valle del Cauca
    8. Principales problemas medioambientales del norte del Valle del Cauca
    9. Grave deterioro de los recursos hídricos de la zona norte
    10. El desarrollo productivo y los efectos negativos generados al medio ambiente
    11. Algunas medidas asumidas para intentar resolver problemas ambientales

     

    Capítulo 5

    La Costa Pacífica del Valle del Cauca: la diversidad ambiental y el significado portuario de Buenaventura

     

    1. Buenaventura en el Pacifico
    2. El ámbito general y las diferencias fisiográficas
    3. Bases geomorfológicas litorales: el significado de la bahía
    4. Red hidrográfica de Buenaventura
    5. El clima y los pisos térmicos de Buenaventura
    6. El medio natural bonaverense
    7. Interacción de las comunidades de Buenaventura con el medio natural
    8. Esbozo histórico acerca de la consolidación del puerto de Buenaventura
    9. Buenaventura y su acelerado incremento demográfico
    10. Los habitantes de la zona rural
    11. El grave desequilibrio del desarrollo social de Buenaventura
    12. La explotación económica del medio natural
    13. La pesca: un recurso básico en la Costa Pacífica vallecaucana
    14. Los recursos madereros: una historia de explotación forestal
    15. Principales problemas medioambientales de Buenaventura
    16. El agua: recurso vital sometido a la contaminación
    17. Otros problemas ambientales que afectan a la población
    18. La situación de los habitantes de la zona rural
    19. Algunos testimonios sobre los principales problemas que aquejan a la población  

     

    Capítulo 6

    La incidencia de las actividades productivas en el medio ambiente vallecaucano y en sus recursos naturales y humanos

     

    1. Las actividades socioeconómicas vallecaucanas y sus principales efectos sobre los recursos naturales
    2. El estado actual de los recursos naturales en el Valle del Cauca
    3. La flora y la fauna vallecaucana: una riqueza ecológica en peligro
    4. Conflictos en el uso del suelo y pérdida de biodiversidad
    5. La erosión de los suelos
    6. La Industrialización en el Valle del Cauca
    7. El crecimiento de la industria vallecaucana
    8. Consecuencias medioambientales y sociales de la industrialización. La situación de Yumbo: un municipio con graves problemas de contaminación
    9. Los graves efectos medioambientales del monocultivo de la caña de azúcar en el Valle del Cauca
    10. Los humedales vallecaucanos: un ecosistema con drásticos procesos de ocupación y de transformación
    11. La acelerada extinción de ecosistemas en la zona plana vallecaucana
    12. Principales factores de amenaza para los humedales y bosques vallecaucanos
    13. Palmira: epicentro del monocultivo cañero
    14. Principales aspectos característicos del municipio de Palmira
    15. El crecimiento urbano y de la población de Palmira
    16. Problemas de salud, por contaminación atmosférica
    17. El problema del agua
    18. Posición de la comunidad y de los gremios frente a los problemas producidos por el monocultivo
    19. Algunos esfuerzos ambientales de Asocaña
    20. Candelaria: riqueza ecológica y graves déficits socioambientales
    21. Posición geográfica
    22. Bases económicas y uso del suelo
    23. Breve repaso a la consolidación de la industria cañera en Candelaria
    24. Principales problemas medioambientales que afectan a la población de Candelaria
    25. Modo de reflexión crítica: consecuencias sociales y medioambientales de las diversas actividades productivas  
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    Precio de venta con descuento:
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    Sociedad y servicios ecosistémicos | Autor: Mario Alejandro Pérez

    Isbn: 978-958-765-068-6 | Año: 2013 | Páginas: 428
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    Hay desconocimiento acerca de que los distintos componentes del ambiente son parte de diferentes ecosistemas vivos que actúan integradamente para cumplir determinadas funciones, que proveen una serie de servicios que sirven como soporte de la vida. Este olvido, junto a la dinámica económica, ha generado la alteración del funcionamiento natural de los ecosistemas, su degradación y la pérdida de un flujo importante de bienes y servicios ambientales que tienen relación con la calidad de vida de los seres humanos.

     

    En esa perspectiva, el concepto de servicios ecosistémicos tiene el gran reto de contribuir a entender y a gestionar mejor las relaciones sociedad-naturaleza y a desarrollar soluciones tecnológicas más sostenibles e integrales. El propósito de este libro es aplicar el enfoque de servicios ecosistémicos a la gestión integral de las inundaciones y sequías y al manejo del saneamiento ambiental. Con esta publicación, la Universidad del Valle - Instituto CINARA pone a disposición del lector las investigaciones y desarrollos nacionales e internacionales más recientes en este campo.

     

    Estos trabajos corresponden a las mejores ponencias presentadas en 'AGUA 2011: Ecosistemas y sociedad. Visión, límites y aplicaciones de los servicios ecosistémicos en un mundo cambiante' (Noviembre 15 - 18 de 2011, Cali, Colombia), las cuales fueron evaluadas y seleccionadas por el Comité Científico del evento, que resultaron de dos de los seminarios desarrollados. 

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    Hay desconocimiento acerca de que los distintos componentes del ambiente son parte de diferentes ecosistemas vivos que actúan integradamente para cumplir determinadas funciones, que proveen una serie de servicios que sirven como soporte de la vida. Este olvido, junto a la dinámica económica, ha generado la alteración del funcionamiento natural de los ecosistemas, su degradación...

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=> 23704 ) [2] => Array ( [virtuemart_category_id] => 363 [virtuemart_vendor_id] => 1 [category_name] => Universidad del Valle [slug] => universidad-del-valle [category_description] => [category_template] => 0 [category_layout] => 0 [category_product_layout] => 0 [products_per_row] => 0 [ordering] => 0 [shared] => 0 [cat_params] => [limit_list_step] => 0 [limit_list_initial] => 0 [metadesc] => [customtitle] => Libros de Universidad del Valle | Universilibros [metakey] => [metarobot] => [metaauthor] => [published] => 1 [created_on] => 2017-02-23 19:34:25 [created_by] => 634 [modified_on] => 2017-09-21 13:37:52 [modified_by] => 634 [show_store_desc] => [showcategory_desc] => [showcategory] => [categories_per_row] => [showproducts] => [omitLoaded] => [showsearch] => [productsublayout] => [featured] => [featured_rows] => [omitLoaded_featured] => [discontinued] => [discontinued_rows] => [omitLoaded_discontinued] => [latest] => [latest_rows] => [omitLoaded_latest] => [topten] => 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    Doctor en Historia del Arte (Ph. D. 1998) y graduado en Filosofía (B. A. 1996) por la Universidad de Navarra. Fulbright Visiting Scholar de estudios artísticos y gestión cultural en el Department of Fine Arts de la New York University (NYU).

     

    Desde entonces es Profesor Titular de Cultura Visual en la Facultad de Comunicación de la Universidad de Navarra y visitante de la Universidad Copérnico de Torun y otras universidades latinoamericanas como la Universidad de Piura (Perú), la del Itsmo (Guatemala) o el DUOC de Chile. Actualmente es Visiting Researcher de la Universidad de Nueva York. Autor de seis libros y un centenar de capítulos y artículos sobre teoría de las artes, cine, fotografía y cultura visual en general.

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    Economista de la Universidad del Valle (1984), Magister en Economía del Centro de Investigaciones y Docencia Económica (CIDE) de México (1986). Magister (2004) y PhD (2006) en Ciencias Ambientales con Énfasis en Economía Ecológica y Gestión Ambiental de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB). Pos-Doctor de la Universidad de São Paulo (2013). Vinculado al Instituto Cinara en 1993, forma parte del Grupo de Investigación en Comunidad, Ambiente y Sustentabilidad.

     

    Profesional con una amplia experiencia de trabajo sobre temas de economía ecológica, conflictos ecológicos distributivos, justicia ambiental, sustentabilidad, comercio internacional y medio ambiente, servicios ecosistémicos, agrocombustibles, evaluación de proyectos y gestión de servicios públicos de agua y saneamiento y de los recursos hídricos, entre otros. 

     

    Ha publicado diversos artículos en revistas nacionales e internacionales y cinco libros de importante circulación en el país. Actualmente es el Presidente de la Sociedad Andina de Economía Ecológica (SAEE) y Director del Doctorado Interinstitucional de Ciencias Ambientales de la Universidad del Valle. 

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    Es Ingeniero Agrícola de la Universidad del Valle. Con doctorado en Ingeniería Hidráulica - Agricultural University – Wageningen. Maestría en Ingeniería Hidráulica - International Institute For Infrastructural Hydraulic And Environmental Eng. Cuenta con dos especializaciones, en Ingeniería de Regadíos - Centro de Experimentación y Obras Públicas de Madrid y especialización en Ingeniería Hidráulica - International Institute For Infrastructural Hydraulic And Environmental Eng. 

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    Es ingeniero civil de la Universaidad del Valle. Con maestría en Ingeniería Hidráulica  International Institute for Hydraulic Environmental and Infraestructural

     

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    Ingeniera Sanitaria, Máster (c) en Ingeniería con Énfasis en Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental. Ha trabajado en el instituto CINARA de la Universidad del Valle, desde 2004, en proyectos sobre recolección, transporte y tratamiento de aguas residuales y lixiviados, tratamiento y potabilización de aguas para consumo y riego. Recientemente se encuentra trabajando en proyectos sobre reusó de aguas residuales y la evaluación su riego.

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    Ingeniero Sanitario egresado de la Universidad del Valle (1991), Magister (1996) y PhD (2002) de la Universidad de Leeds, Reino Unido, actualmente es candidato a Master en Filosofía de la Universidad del Valle. Director de Cinara durante el período 2014 – 2017.

     

    Ha ocupado diferentes cargos tanto en el Instituto como en la Universidad: Director Científico de la Estación de Investigación Experimental en el Tratamiento de Aguas Residuales, localizada en el municipio de Ginebra, Valle del Cauca; coordinador del Grupo de Investigación en Saneamiento Ambiental de Cinara; Director de la Maestría y Doctorado del Programa de Posgrado de Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental de la Universidad del Valle, y Vicedecano de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Ingeniería.

     

    Es autor de un amplio número de artículos en libros, revistas y memorias de eventos. Evaluador de publicaciones en journals con sede en el Reino Unido, Estados Unidos y los Países Bajos: Water Science and Technology, Water Research, Environmental Engineering Science, y Environmental Progress.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación
     

    PARTE I
    INUNDACIONES, ESCASEZ DE AGUA Y ECOSISTEMAS: ACCIONES FRENTE AL CAMBIO GLOBAL

    • Gestión integral de inundaciones: hacia un nuevo paradigma
       

    Capítulo 1
    Restauración de ríos. Sinergias entre sus conceptos y la Política Hídrica Nacional

    Freddy Leonardo Franco Idárraga

     

    Capítulo 2
    Estado del arte de la prevención del riesgo de inundaciones en Europa: El proyecto KULTURisk y su relevancia para el caso colombiano

    Leonardo Alfonso, Giuliano Di Baldassarre

    • Modelación como herramienta de gestión en el manejo de inundaciones y sequías


    Capítulo 3
    Estimación de la confiabilidad de inundación en alcantarillados pluviales de Bogotá mediante métodos de generación aleatorio

    Santiago Sandoval, Andrés Torres, Karen Navarro

     

    Capítulo 4

    Diseño e implementación de una metodología para el monitoreo de los cuerpos de agua en la región de La Mojana, utilizando productos MODIS y software libre.

    Jimmy A. Navia, Olga Lucia Baquero, Federico Pinzón

     

    Capítulo 5
    Modelación estocástica de un índice difuso para determinar la calidad del agua en el río Cauca

    Diana Carolina Osorio García, Christian Piamba Ceballos, William Ocampo – Duque, María Schuhmacher

     

    Capítulo 6
    Calibración de un modelo de drenaje urbano mediante un algoritmo de optimización

    Carlos Martínez, Alberto Galvis C., Efraín Jiménez

     

    Capítulo 7
    Metodología para la determinación de mapas de riesgo por inundaciones causadas por el desbordamiento de un río aluvial

    Carlos Omar Ayala C., Carlos A. Ramírez C., Ricardo A. Bocanegra V.

     

    Capítulo 8
    Gestâo participativa de recursos hídricos no Estado de Sâo Paulo, Brasil

    Tadeu Fabricio Malheiros, Mariza Guimarâes Prota

     

    Capítulo 9
    Proceso de declaración de un área protegida por el Resguardo Nasa Yu’ zicxkwe del municipio de Dagua, Colombia, para la conservación de la cuenca del río San Cristóbal

    Julio C. Escobar C., Javier S. Rojas M., Marcela Escobar S., Édgar Reyes G., Laura I. Toro H., Aníbal Dagua

     

    Capítulo 10
    Hábitat precario en situación de riesgo de inundación y servicios ambientales

    Adriana Piperno, Pablo Sierra

     

    Capítulo 11
    Diagnostico participativo de tensores territoriales, bienes, servicios y propuestas para el manejo sostenible de las microcuenas que drenan a la cuenca del río Calima en el municipio de Restrepo, Valle del Cauca, Colombia

    Germán Morales Z., Ángela P. Vargas A., Carmen L. Herrera V., Camilo J. Patiño R., Edwin Duarte C.

    • Casos y experiencias con participación comunitaria en la gestión del agua, de las inundaciones, los deslizamientos y las sequías

     

    Capítulo 12
    La práctica de recuperación de cauces en corrientes urbanas. Casos en la quebrada La Presidenta. Medellín, Colombia

    Juan F. Barros M., Juliana Zapata G., Luz E. Vallejo G.

     

    Capítulo 13
    Los retiros en planicies aluviales y restauración ecológica en la ribera del río La Miel, departamento de Caldas, Colombia

    José Lino Jurado Montaño, María del Pilar Arroyave Maya, Claudia Patricia Campuzano Ochoa, Jorge Andrés García Montoya

     

    PARTE II
    SANEAMIENTO SOSTENIBLE Y SERVICIOS ECOSISTÉMICOS

    • Producción más limpia: prevención, minimización y control de contaminación


    Capítulo 14
    Evaluación preliminar de la sostenibilidad de la Planta de Tratamiento de Aguas Residuales urbanas de Bogotá basada en el análisis de ciclo de vida.

    Ogbonna Chijioke Kingsley, Héctor García – Lozada, Ángela Ma. Escarría Sanmiguel

     

    Capítulo 15
    La producción Más Limpia como estrategia sostenible para la gestión ambiental de las curtiembres de Villapinzón y Chocontá, Cundinamarca

    Carolina Tobón, Tatiana Bello, Carlos Escamilla, Tania Santos, Mónica Sanz, Maarten Siebel

     

    Capítulo 16
    Desarrollo e implementación de un modelo integrado del sistema alcantarillado PTAR–humedales – ríos urbanos de la ciudad de Bogotá

    Juan D. Gonzáles, Luis A. Camacho

     

    Capítulo 17
    Modelación hidroeconómica para el control de la contaminación en cuencas: Una herramienta para la Gestión Integrada de los Recursos Hídricos en la cuenca del río Serpis, España

    Gabriel Lozano S., Manuel Pulido V., Joaquin Andreu A.

     

    Capítulo 18
    Modelación dinámica de calidad del agua con efluentes de curtiembres. Estudio de caso cuenca alta del río Bogotá. Una herramienta de planeación

    Tania Fernanda Santos, Luis A. Camacho

    • Tecnología de tratamiento de excretas y agua residual

     

    Capítulo 19
    Degradación de color en lixiviados provenientes de Residuos Sólidos Urbanos (RSU) combinando procesos de oxidación avanzada y biológicos

    Oscar F. Herrera A., María F. Ortiz R., Juan S. Arcila H

     

    Capítulo 20
    Fotocatálisis heterogénea utilizando radiación solar y luz UV artificial para la degradación y mineralización del indicador verde de bromocresol presente en desechos de laboratorio

    Carolay Yaneth Guarín Llanes, David Alejandro Mera Benavides, Adriana Consuelo Mera Benavides

     

    Capítulo 21
    Aspectos hidráulicos de un humedal construido de flujo subsuperficial horizontal, y su relación con la eficiencia de eliminación en la zona rural de Santa Marta, Colombia

    Juan C. Lancheros, Jose E. Mosquera, Aracelly Caselles – Osorio.

     

    Capítulo 22
    Colmatación de humedales construidos de flujo horizontal: Un problema por resolver

    Viviana Valencia Zuluaga, Carlos A. Madera, Diederik Rousseau

     

    Capítulo 23
    Efectos del tipo de vegetación y de las variaciones de profundidad en la eficacia de eliminación de coliformes fecales, en humedales construidos de flujo subsuperficial.

    Adalberto Arroyave G., Juan M. Castaño R.

    • Participación comunitaria, reúso, restauración y planeación de proyectos de saneamiento sostenible

     

    Capítulo 24
    Proyecto de aprendizaje y demostración de aprovechamiento y disposición segura de orina y heces en el Resguardo Indígena Páez Munchique – Los Tigres.

    Juan P. Dagua, Gloria S. Pequí, María Castillo, Sandra Rincón, Kim Andersson, Luis A. Hurtado, Gloria A. Ocampo, Blanca I. Sandoval.  

     

    Capítulo 25
    Aplicación de factores de asimilación para la priorización de la inversión en sistemas de saneamiento hídrico en Colombia

    Andrés F. Rojas A., Luis A. Camacho B

     

    Capítulo 26
    Monitoreo ambiental integrado como instrumento científico y social

    Felipe Cisneros, Jorge García, Andrés Alvarado

     

    Capítulo 27
    Buffer strips como elemento central en proyectos de restauración socioambiental de zonas degradadas

    Jordi Morató, Jorge Montoya, Oscar Flecha, Daniel Viadé, Oihana Cuesta, Ángel Gallegos

     

    Capítulo 28
    Utilización del sistema de tratamiento suelo acuífero – SAT en el tratamiento de aguas residuales para reúso agrícola en el municipio de Albania, La Guajira, Colombia.

    Miguel F. Pitre R., Leanis M. Pitre R., Leidis Torrez B., Indi Brito G., Manuel Macias D.

     

    Capítulo 29
    Evaluación del potencial de reúso del efluente de la planta de tratamiento de Cañaveralejo de Cali, Colombia, en el riego de caña de azúcar

    Andrés F. Echeverria S., Carlos A. Madera P., Norberto Urrutia C.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación
     

    PARTE I
    INUNDACIONES, ESCASEZ DE AGUA Y ECOSISTEMAS: ACCIONES FRENTE AL CAMBIO GLOBAL

    • Gestión integral de inundaciones: hacia un nuevo paradigma
       

    Capítulo 1
    Restauración de ríos. Sinergias entre sus conceptos y la Política Hídrica Nacional

    Freddy Leonardo Franco Idárraga

     

    Capítulo 2
    Estado del arte de la prevención del riesgo de inundaciones en Europa: El proyecto KULTURisk y su relevancia para el caso colombiano

    Leonardo Alfonso, Giuliano Di Baldassarre

    • Modelación como herramienta de gestión en el manejo de inundaciones y sequías


    Capítulo 3
    Estimación de la confiabilidad de inundación en alcantarillados pluviales de Bogotá mediante métodos de generación aleatorio

    Santiago Sandoval, Andrés Torres, Karen Navarro

     

    Capítulo 4

    Diseño e implementación de una metodología para el monitoreo de los cuerpos de agua en la región de La Mojana, utilizando productos MODIS y software libre.

    Jimmy A. Navia, Olga Lucia Baquero, Federico Pinzón

     

    Capítulo 5
    Modelación estocástica de un índice difuso para determinar la calidad del agua en el río Cauca

    Diana Carolina Osorio García, Christian Piamba Ceballos, William Ocampo – Duque, María Schuhmacher

     

    Capítulo 6
    Calibración de un modelo de drenaje urbano mediante un algoritmo de optimización

    Carlos Martínez, Alberto Galvis C., Efraín Jiménez

     

    Capítulo 7
    Metodología para la determinación de mapas de riesgo por inundaciones causadas por el desbordamiento de un río aluvial

    Carlos Omar Ayala C., Carlos A. Ramírez C., Ricardo A. Bocanegra V.

     

    Capítulo 8
    Gestâo participativa de recursos hídricos no Estado de Sâo Paulo, Brasil

    Tadeu Fabricio Malheiros, Mariza Guimarâes Prota

     

    Capítulo 9
    Proceso de declaración de un área protegida por el Resguardo Nasa Yu’ zicxkwe del municipio de Dagua, Colombia, para la conservación de la cuenca del río San Cristóbal

    Julio C. Escobar C., Javier S. Rojas M., Marcela Escobar S., Édgar Reyes G., Laura I. Toro H., Aníbal Dagua

     

    Capítulo 10
    Hábitat precario en situación de riesgo de inundación y servicios ambientales

    Adriana Piperno, Pablo Sierra

     

    Capítulo 11
    Diagnostico participativo de tensores territoriales, bienes, servicios y propuestas para el manejo sostenible de las microcuenas que drenan a la cuenca del río Calima en el municipio de Restrepo, Valle del Cauca, Colombia

    Germán Morales Z., Ángela P. Vargas A., Carmen L. Herrera V., Camilo J. Patiño R., Edwin Duarte C.

    • Casos y experiencias con participación comunitaria en la gestión del agua, de las inundaciones, los deslizamientos y las sequías

     

    Capítulo 12
    La práctica de recuperación de cauces en corrientes urbanas. Casos en la quebrada La Presidenta. Medellín, Colombia

    Juan F. Barros M., Juliana Zapata G., Luz E. Vallejo G.

     

    Capítulo 13
    Los retiros en planicies aluviales y restauración ecológica en la ribera del río La Miel, departamento de Caldas, Colombia

    José Lino Jurado Montaño, María del Pilar Arroyave Maya, Claudia Patricia Campuzano Ochoa, Jorge Andrés García Montoya

     

    PARTE II
    SANEAMIENTO SOSTENIBLE Y SERVICIOS ECOSISTÉMICOS

    • Producción más limpia: prevención, minimización y control de contaminación


    Capítulo 14
    Evaluación preliminar de la sostenibilidad de la Planta de Tratamiento de Aguas Residuales urbanas de Bogotá basada en el análisis de ciclo de vida.

    Ogbonna Chijioke Kingsley, Héctor García – Lozada, Ángela Ma. Escarría Sanmiguel

     

    Capítulo 15
    La producción Más Limpia como estrategia sostenible para la gestión ambiental de las curtiembres de Villapinzón y Chocontá, Cundinamarca

    Carolina Tobón, Tatiana Bello, Carlos Escamilla, Tania Santos, Mónica Sanz, Maarten Siebel

     

    Capítulo 16
    Desarrollo e implementación de un modelo integrado del sistema alcantarillado PTAR–humedales – ríos urbanos de la ciudad de Bogotá

    Juan D. Gonzáles, Luis A. Camacho

     

    Capítulo 17
    Modelación hidroeconómica para el control de la contaminación en cuencas: Una herramienta para la Gestión Integrada de los Recursos Hídricos en la cuenca del río Serpis, España

    Gabriel Lozano S., Manuel Pulido V., Joaquin Andreu A.

     

    Capítulo 18
    Modelación dinámica de calidad del agua con efluentes de curtiembres. Estudio de caso cuenca alta del río Bogotá. Una herramienta de planeación

    Tania Fernanda Santos, Luis A. Camacho

    • Tecnología de tratamiento de excretas y agua residual

     

    Capítulo 19
    Degradación de color en lixiviados provenientes de Residuos Sólidos Urbanos (RSU) combinando procesos de oxidación avanzada y biológicos

    Oscar F. Herrera A., María F. Ortiz R., Juan S. Arcila H

     

    Capítulo 20
    Fotocatálisis heterogénea utilizando radiación solar y luz UV artificial para la degradación y mineralización del indicador verde de bromocresol presente en desechos de laboratorio

    Carolay Yaneth Guarín Llanes, David Alejandro Mera Benavides, Adriana Consuelo Mera Benavides

     

    Capítulo 21
    Aspectos hidráulicos de un humedal construido de flujo subsuperficial horizontal, y su relación con la eficiencia de eliminación en la zona rural de Santa Marta, Colombia

    Juan C. Lancheros, Jose E. Mosquera, Aracelly Caselles – Osorio.

     

    Capítulo 22
    Colmatación de humedales construidos de flujo horizontal: Un problema por resolver

    Viviana Valencia Zuluaga, Carlos A. Madera, Diederik Rousseau

     

    Capítulo 23
    Efectos del tipo de vegetación y de las variaciones de profundidad en la eficacia de eliminación de coliformes fecales, en humedales construidos de flujo subsuperficial.

    Adalberto Arroyave G., Juan M. Castaño R.

    • Participación comunitaria, reúso, restauración y planeación de proyectos de saneamiento sostenible

     

    Capítulo 24
    Proyecto de aprendizaje y demostración de aprovechamiento y disposición segura de orina y heces en el Resguardo Indígena Páez Munchique – Los Tigres.

    Juan P. Dagua, Gloria S. Pequí, María Castillo, Sandra Rincón, Kim Andersson, Luis A. Hurtado, Gloria A. Ocampo, Blanca I. Sandoval.  

     

    Capítulo 25
    Aplicación de factores de asimilación para la priorización de la inversión en sistemas de saneamiento hídrico en Colombia

    Andrés F. Rojas A., Luis A. Camacho B

     

    Capítulo 26
    Monitoreo ambiental integrado como instrumento científico y social

    Felipe Cisneros, Jorge García, Andrés Alvarado

     

    Capítulo 27
    Buffer strips como elemento central en proyectos de restauración socioambiental de zonas degradadas

    Jordi Morató, Jorge Montoya, Oscar Flecha, Daniel Viadé, Oihana Cuesta, Ángel Gallegos

     

    Capítulo 28
    Utilización del sistema de tratamiento suelo acuífero – SAT en el tratamiento de aguas residuales para reúso agrícola en el municipio de Albania, La Guajira, Colombia.

    Miguel F. Pitre R., Leanis M. Pitre R., Leidis Torrez B., Indi Brito G., Manuel Macias D.

     

    Capítulo 29
    Evaluación del potencial de reúso del efluente de la planta de tratamiento de Cañaveralejo de Cali, Colombia, en el riego de caña de azúcar

    Andrés F. Echeverria S., Carlos A. Madera P., Norberto Urrutia C.

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    Precio de venta con descuento:
    Descuentos Universilibros10%
    Precio
    Antes:
    COP
    $ 64.000
    Ahora:
    COP
    $ 57.600
    Descuento: COP $ -6.400
    Precio / kg:
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        [product_name] => Planeamiento urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático
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    Esta investigación se concentra en profundizar el concepto de desarrollo sostenible y la viabilidad de orientar la ciudad hacia lineamientos de planeamiento urbano sostenible, que garanticen la adaptación al cambio climático para la prevención de desastres socio-naturales. El objetivo final es demostrar si dichos lineamientos aplicados a dos objetivos de estudio, estos ayudarían o no al mejoramiento de la sustentabilidad en la ciudad y, por ende, a la mitigación y prevención de desastres socio-naturales.

     

    Esta investigación desarrolló un estudio comparativo entre dos ciudades con condiciones urbanas totalmente diferentes, pero en un contexto de amenazas socio-naturales similares, los cuales generan periódicamente desastres socio-naturales por el desbordamiento de los ríos que las cruzan, produciendo grandes inundaciones en torno a las ciudades. Al analizar dos realidades urbanas, una en Canadá, y otra en Colombia, se demostró que los lineamientos de planeamiento urbano sostenible pueden ser utilizados como marco general, adaptados a dos realidades diferentes para lograr escenarios de sostenibilidad urbana.

     

    Es importante resaltar que esta investigación contó con el apoyo económico del gobierno de Canadá a través del programa Faculty Research Program, de esta forma permitió analizar una realidad urbana tan lejana a la esta como es el río San Lorenzo en la ciudad de Montreal, Canadá, y compararla con otras investigaciones realizadas en Colombia, específicamente el río Yumbo en la ciudad de Yumbo. De esta forma se mantuvo un condicionante similar como es el fenómeno del cambio climático, analizando cómo impacta ambientalmente a dos ciudades en dos territorios tan diferentes.

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    Esta investigación se concentra en profundizar el concepto de desarrollo sostenible y la viabilidad de orientar la ciudad hacia lineamientos de planeamiento urbano sostenible, que garanticen la adaptación al cambio climático para la prevención de desastres socio-naturales. El objetivo final es demostrar si dichos lineamientos aplicados a dos objetivos de estudio, estos ayudarían...

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    Arquitecto. Universidad Católica de Colombia, Bogotá.

     

    Posdoctorado en Geografía. Universite Du Quebec, Canadá y Doctorado en Urbanismo. Universidad Nacional Autónoma, México

    Es jefe Departamento de Proyectos, y Coordinador Maestría en Arquitectura y Urbanismo. Fue Jefe Oficina de Planeación y Desarrollo Instituciona y representante Profesoral al Consejo de la FAI.

     

    Líneas de Investigación:
    Integrante del Grupo de Investigación: HÁBITAT Y DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE

     

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Capítulo 1. Marco contextual
     

    1. Introducción
    2. Definición de conceptos utilizados en la investigación
    3. Justificación
    4. Alcance de la investigación

     

    Capítulo 2. Marco conceptual
     

    1. Cambio climático global
    2. El cambio climático y los desastres socio-naturales
    3. Desarrollo sustentable y desastres socio-naturales
    4. Adaptación al cambio climático para la prevención de los desastres socio-naturales desde un enfoque sostenible

     

    Capítulo 3. Estudios de caso
     

    1. Estudios de casos: Canadá – Colombia
    2. El cambio climático en el continente americano
    3. El sistema hídrico del río San Lorenzo
    • Régimen hidrológico del río San Lorenzo
    • Caudal
    • Niveles de agua
    • Los Grandes Lagos
    • Cambio climático en el área de los Grandes Lagos
    • Río Outaouais (río Ottawa)
    • Cambio climático en el río Outaouais
    • Sistema de control y regulación del agua en el río San Lorenzo

     

    1. Factores de cambio climático que influencian el nivel del agua del río San Lorenzo
    • Elevación del nivel del mar
    • Condiciones normales y variedad climática
       
    1. Posibles eventos catastróficos del río San Lorenzo en la ciudad de Montreal
    • Consecuencias de la disminución del agua en el río San Lorenzo
    • Consecuencias de las inundaciones en el río San Lorenzo
       
    1. El cambio climático en Colombia
    2. El sistema hídrico de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    3. Factores ecológicos y climáticos que influencian el nivel del agua del río Yumbo
    • Factores ecológicos de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Factores climatológicos de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Topografía de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Geología local de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Contaminación atmosférica en la cuenca del río Yumbo

     

    1. Posibles eventos catastróficos del río Yumbo en la ciudad de Yumbo
    • Susceptibilidad a deslizamientos
    • Susceptibilidad a las inundaciones
    • Susceptibilidad a incendios forestales

     

    Capítulo 4. Lineamientos de planeamiento urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático  
     

    1. Marco conceptual para la definición de lineamientos de planeamiento urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático
    • La adaptación a los desastres socionaturales desde un enfoque del desarrollo sostenible
    • Lineamientos de adaptación al cambio climático para la prevención de desastres socionaturales
    • Planeamiento urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático
       
    1. Lineamientos de planeación urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático
    • Principio 1: integrar los elementos de la adaptación contra el cambio climático
    • Principio 2: las medidas deben ser sostenibles en el tiempo
    • Principio 3: la gestión del agua
    • Principio 4: corredores verdes
    • Principio 5: incorporar la adaptación a los proyectos específicos de desarrollo

     

    Capítulo 5. Conclusiones
     

    1. Conclusión a la pregunta de investigación
    2. Conclusiones del objetivo general
    3. Conclusiones de objetivos específicos
    • Conclusión del objetivo específico I
    • Conclusiones del objetivo específico II
    • Conclusiones del objetivo específico III  

     

    1. Conclusiones de la hipótesis  

     

    Bibliografía

     

    Índice de gráficos


    Índice de planos


    Índice de tablas

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Capítulo 1. Marco contextual
     

    1. Introducción
    2. Definición de conceptos utilizados en la investigación
    3. Justificación
    4. Alcance de la investigación

     

    Capítulo 2. Marco conceptual
     

    1. Cambio climático global
    2. El cambio climático y los desastres socio-naturales
    3. Desarrollo sustentable y desastres socio-naturales
    4. Adaptación al cambio climático para la prevención de los desastres socio-naturales desde un enfoque sostenible

     

    Capítulo 3. Estudios de caso
     

    1. Estudios de casos: Canadá – Colombia
    2. El cambio climático en el continente americano
    3. El sistema hídrico del río San Lorenzo
    • Régimen hidrológico del río San Lorenzo
    • Caudal
    • Niveles de agua
    • Los Grandes Lagos
    • Cambio climático en el área de los Grandes Lagos
    • Río Outaouais (río Ottawa)
    • Cambio climático en el río Outaouais
    • Sistema de control y regulación del agua en el río San Lorenzo

     

    1. Factores de cambio climático que influencian el nivel del agua del río San Lorenzo
    • Elevación del nivel del mar
    • Condiciones normales y variedad climática
       
    1. Posibles eventos catastróficos del río San Lorenzo en la ciudad de Montreal
    • Consecuencias de la disminución del agua en el río San Lorenzo
    • Consecuencias de las inundaciones en el río San Lorenzo
       
    1. El cambio climático en Colombia
    2. El sistema hídrico de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    3. Factores ecológicos y climáticos que influencian el nivel del agua del río Yumbo
    • Factores ecológicos de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Factores climatológicos de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Topografía de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Geología local de la cuenca del río Yumbo
    • Contaminación atmosférica en la cuenca del río Yumbo

     

    1. Posibles eventos catastróficos del río Yumbo en la ciudad de Yumbo
    • Susceptibilidad a deslizamientos
    • Susceptibilidad a las inundaciones
    • Susceptibilidad a incendios forestales

     

    Capítulo 4. Lineamientos de planeamiento urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático  
     

    1. Marco conceptual para la definición de lineamientos de planeamiento urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático
    • La adaptación a los desastres socionaturales desde un enfoque del desarrollo sostenible
    • Lineamientos de adaptación al cambio climático para la prevención de desastres socionaturales
    • Planeamiento urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático
       
    1. Lineamientos de planeación urbano sostenible para la adaptación al cambio climático
    • Principio 1: integrar los elementos de la adaptación contra el cambio climático
    • Principio 2: las medidas deben ser sostenibles en el tiempo
    • Principio 3: la gestión del agua
    • Principio 4: corredores verdes
    • Principio 5: incorporar la adaptación a los proyectos específicos de desarrollo

     

    Capítulo 5. Conclusiones
     

    1. Conclusión a la pregunta de investigación
    2. Conclusiones del objetivo general
    3. Conclusiones de objetivos específicos
    • Conclusión del objetivo específico I
    • Conclusiones del objetivo específico II
    • Conclusiones del objetivo específico III  

     

    1. Conclusiones de la hipótesis  

     

    Bibliografía

     

    Índice de gráficos


    Índice de planos


    Índice de tablas

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    Precio de venta con descuento:
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    Los estuarios son ecosistemas que representan una frontera en donde ocurre el encuentro entre el mar, la tierra y las aguas dulces. Estos ecosistemas presentan alta concentración de nutrientes y en algunos casos, alta heterogeneidad ambiental. Estas características los hacen muy atractivos para que diferentes especies de animales ingresen a ellos a alimentarse y reproducirse, y es por esto que los estudiantes han sido considerados salacunas (nurseries, en inglés), lugares donde muchas especies, tanto de origen marino como dulceacuícola, van a reproducirse y en donde sus huevos, larvas y jóvenes encuentran refugio y alimentación antes de volver a sus lugares de origen o antes de seguir su vida en el estuario para vivir como adultos.

     

     

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    Biólogo de la Universidad del Valle, con un Doctorado (Ph.D) en oceanología de la Universite D´Aix- Marseille II, de Francia, y un Posdoctorado en el Centro de Oceanología y la Estación Marina de Endoume de Marsella, Francia. Es Profesor Emérito de la Universidad del Valle desde 1992 y miembro fundador de la sección de Biología Marina; cuenta con 25 publicaciones internacionales y 42 nacionales.

     

    Ha publicado 15 libros completos y 17 capítulos de libros; ha presentado trabajos en 55 eventos nacionales y 18 internacionales. Ha dirigido 5 tesis de doctorado, 4 de maestría y 17 trabajos de pregrado, Actualmente es Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Exactas de la Universidad del Valle.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Abreviaturas usadas en esta guía Sobre las fichas

     

    Agradecimientos

     

    Introducción

     

    1. Poliquetos
       
    2. Moluscos
       
    3. Crustáceos
       
    4. Equinodermos
       
    5. Peces

     

    Glosario

     

    Literatura consultada

     

    Índice taxonómico

    [customfield_price] => [customfield_params] => [fpublished] => 1 [override] => 0 [disabler] => 0 [_varsToPushParam] => 0 [display] =>

    CONTENIDO

     

    Abreviaturas usadas en esta guía Sobre las fichas

     

    Agradecimientos

     

    Introducción

     

    1. Poliquetos
       
    2. Moluscos
       
    3. Crustáceos
       
    4. Equinodermos
       
    5. Peces

     

    Glosario

     

    Literatura consultada

     

    Índice taxonómico

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    Precio de venta con descuento:
    Descuentos Universilibros10%
    Precio
    Antes:
    COP
    $ 78.000
    Ahora:
    COP
    $ 70.200
    Descuento: COP $ -7.800
    Precio / kg:
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        [product_name] => El valor económico de la calidad ambiental urbana
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    Este libro presenta un análisis de la relación entre el precio de la renta de la propiedad y variables ambientales, usando la técnica precios hedónicos, para determinar cómo la calidad ambiental influencia la selección de localización de la propiedad en una ciudad. También se determina la forma como la calidad ambiental es valorada por los agentes económicos. La relación entre el precio de la propiedad y los aspectos ambientales es demostrada, primero, usando un modelo de precios hedónicos convencional, y luego se prueba la presencia de efectos espaciales que pueden incidir en la estimación de los parámetros, empleando econometría espacial.

     

    La estimación se basa en un modelo de regresión que usa información de una base de datos de 4.415 observaciones o transacciones de vivienda en Cali, donde las variables independientes están asociadas con características estructurales de la propiedad, características sociales del vecindario (barrio), la calidad ambiental en la comuna o distrito, y número de árboles en el barrio (expresado en términos de densidad de árboles). Estas estimaciones son la base para explicar el precio de la renta de la propiedad, que para este caso se realiza en una muestra de 322 observaciones, donde cada una representa un barrio de la ciudad de Cali (Colombia).

     

    Para explicar los factores que determinan el precio de la renta de la propiedad, se diseñan índices que resuelven los problemas de multicolinealidad asociados con la incorporación de variables exógenas que pueden estar correlacionadas en un modelo de regresión múltiple. El diseño de los índices y componentes se realizó empleando técnicas de análisis multivariado como el Análisis de Componentes Principales (ACP) y Análisis de Distancia (DP2), cuyos resultados son empleados como variables que explican el precio de renta de la vivienda.

     

    Las estimaciones del modelo de precios hedónicos incluyen una explicación de la varianza de 26 variables en tres componentes principales y tres índices: uno que representa las características socioeconómicas del barrio (estrato socioeconómico) otro que está con el número de árboles en el barrio (basado en la interpretación de la información de una imagen de satélite); y el último, que refleja la calidad ambiental en la comuna donde esta localizado el barrio. Este índice es usado para resumir doce variables que definen la calidad ambiental en casa una de las 21 comunas de Cali que existían al momento de realizar el estudio.

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    Este libro presenta un análisis de la relación entre el precio de la renta de la propiedad y variables ambientales, usando la técnica precios hedónicos, para determinar cómo la calidad ambiental influencia la selección de localización de la propiedad en una ciudad. También se determina la forma como la calidad ambiental es valorada por los agentes económicos. La relación...

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    Economista de la Universidad del Valle. Especialista en Gestión Ambiental de la Universidad Autónoma. Máster en Cambio Global y Desarrollo Sostenible de la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. Y doctor en Economía Ambiental de la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. Profesor asociado de la Universidad del Valle, director de la tecnología en Ecología y Manejo Ambiental de la Escuela de Ingeniería de Recursos Naturales y del Ambiente de la Facultad de Ingeniería de la Universidad del Valle. Director del grupo de investigación AGESAT.

     

    Ha sido profesor de Evaluación de Proyectos Ambientales. Economía Ambiental e Indicadores Ambientales en la especialización en Gestión Ambiental (Universidad Autónoma). Profesor de Economía Ambiental y Formulación, Evaluación y Gestión de Proyectos Ambientales de la especialización en Gerencia Ambiental (Universidad ICESI). Profesor de Evaluación Económica y Social de Proyectos Ambientales en la Maestría en Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental (Universidad del Valle).

     

    Ha publicado un buen número de artículos en revistas especializadas en Colombia y en el exterior, sobtre temas de desarrollo sostenible, economía ambiental y valoración económica de impactos ambientales.  

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    Precio de venta con descuento:
    Descuentos Universilibros10%
    Precio
    Antes:
    COP
    $ 60.000
    Ahora:
    COP
    $ 54.000
    Descuento: COP $ -6.000
    Precio / kg:
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    Este trabajo completa las principales características del medio geográfico y ecológico del valle del cauca, así como las diversas transformaciones que este ha tenido a causa de las acciones antrópicas relacionadas con el aprovechamiento, el dominio y la conservación del medio ambiente. Se analizan las formas culturales y los medios puestos en práctica por la sociedad vallecaucana para identificar, apropiarse y dar un manejo al territorio, con la finalidad de explotar los elementos naturales del medio ambiente y convertirlos en recursos.

     

    Este estudio también considera la manera como los hombres y las mujeres de esta comarca han ido construyendo territorio y territorialidad en las diversas unidades de paisaje presentes en el valle del Cauca.

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    Doctor en Geografía por la Universidad Estatal Paulista de Brasil (Campus Presidente Prudente), Magíster en Geografía con Énfasis en Ordenamiento Territorial por la Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia (convenio UPTC – IGAC) e Ingeniero Agrícola de la Universidad Nacional sede Bogotá.

     

    Actualmente es Profesor Titular del Departamento de Geografía, además se desempeña como profesor del Doctorado en Ciencias Ambientales de las Universidades del Valle, Tecnológica de Pereira y Cauca; Profesor del Doctorado en Geografía de la Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia y Profesor de la Maestría en Desarrollo Sustentable de la Universidad del Valle.

     

    Director del Grupo de Investigación Territorios y editor de la Revista Entorno Geográfico. Miembro del comité editorial de las revistas Cuadernos de Geografía UNAL, Perspectivas geográfica UPTC, Revista GeoUECE Universidad Estadual de Ceará - Brasil,  Boletín de Geografía Universidad Estadual de Maringá - Brasil.

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    Antropóloga de la Universidad del Cauca. Magíster en Desarrollo Rural de la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana de Bogotá. Es profesora de tiempo completo. Fue jefa de Departamento de Historia, directora de la Maestría en Historia y del Centro de Estudios de Género, Mujer y Sociedad en la Universidad del Valle.

     

    Catedrática de la Universidad Santiago de Cali, en la Maestría de Educación Ambiental y Desarrollo Sostenible, e Integrante del Centro de Estudios Regionales – Región y del grupo Género, Familia, Sexualidad, Identidad y Ambiente de la Universidad del Valle.

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    Especialista en Planificación Urbana y Regional por la Universidad del Valle y Arquitecta de la misma Universidad. Actualmente es Docente Contratista de la Universidad del Valle en el Departamento de Geografía y la Escuela de Ingeniería de Recursos Naturales y del Ambiente (EIDENAR).

     

    Ha sido consultora en diferentes entidades como el DAGMA, la CVC, la Gobernación del Valle, etc.

     

     

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Prólogo    

     

    Introducción    

     

    Capítulo 1

    Conceptos generales        
     

    1. El agua y la cuenca hidrográfica    
       
    2. Marco teórico y conceptual del ordenamiento territorial    
       
    3. Contexto de la planificación de cuencas    
       
    4. La planificación de cuencas hidrográficas en Colombia  

     

    Capítulo 2

    Las particularidades de la cuenca del río Cali
     

    1. Su génesis    
       
    2. Relaciones funcionales    
       
    3. Contexto regional, metropolitano y local de la cuenca del río Cali    
       
    4. Condiciones político administrativas del territorio cuenca río Cali  
        
    5. Un modelo de interpretación de la cuenca hidrográfica urbana metropolitana    
       
    6. Premisas de ordenación    
       
    7. Zonificación funcional de la cuenca hidrográfica    
       
    8. Situaciones ambientales del territorio    

     

    Capítulo 3

    Poblamiento socio espacial de la cuenca del río Cali

     

    1. Poblamiento prehispánico    
       
    2. Poblamiento colonial        
       
    3. Poblamiento en los siglos XIX y XX  
        
    4. Representación simbólica de la cuenca    

     

    Capítulo 4

    Aspectos aplicados al diagnóstico de cuencas

     

    1. Hidrográficas    
       
    2. Valoración del patrimonio del territorio   
       
    3. Capacidad de acogida del territorio    
       
    4. Análisis estratégico del territorio   

     

    Capítulo 5

    Propuesta metodológica para la investigación participativa con enfoque de género

     

    1. A propósito de la metodología        
       
    2. La validez del género en la participación   
           
    3. Socialización y conc1usiones    

     

    A manera de epílogo      

     

    Anexo            

     

    Bibliografía

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Prólogo    

     

    Introducción    

     

    Capítulo 1

    Conceptos generales        
     

    1. El agua y la cuenca hidrográfica    
       
    2. Marco teórico y conceptual del ordenamiento territorial    
       
    3. Contexto de la planificación de cuencas    
       
    4. La planificación de cuencas hidrográficas en Colombia  

     

    Capítulo 2

    Las particularidades de la cuenca del río Cali
     

    1. Su génesis    
       
    2. Relaciones funcionales    
       
    3. Contexto regional, metropolitano y local de la cuenca del río Cali    
       
    4. Condiciones político administrativas del territorio cuenca río Cali  
        
    5. Un modelo de interpretación de la cuenca hidrográfica urbana metropolitana    
       
    6. Premisas de ordenación    
       
    7. Zonificación funcional de la cuenca hidrográfica    
       
    8. Situaciones ambientales del territorio    

     

    Capítulo 3

    Poblamiento socio espacial de la cuenca del río Cali

     

    1. Poblamiento prehispánico    
       
    2. Poblamiento colonial        
       
    3. Poblamiento en los siglos XIX y XX  
        
    4. Representación simbólica de la cuenca    

     

    Capítulo 4

    Aspectos aplicados al diagnóstico de cuencas

     

    1. Hidrográficas    
       
    2. Valoración del patrimonio del territorio   
       
    3. Capacidad de acogida del territorio    
       
    4. Análisis estratégico del territorio   

     

    Capítulo 5

    Propuesta metodológica para la investigación participativa con enfoque de género

     

    1. A propósito de la metodología        
       
    2. La validez del género en la participación   
           
    3. Socialización y conc1usiones    

     

    A manera de epílogo      

     

    Anexo            

     

    Bibliografía

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    Ante unas condiciones ambientales cada vez más críticas resulta perentoria la búsqueda de estrategias de intervención sobre los espacios que sean menos perturbadoras y a su vez restaurativas. Es allí donde el diseño del paisaje cumple un rol destacado, en el propósito de conciliar las necesidades humanas con la protección de la naturaleza, condición imprescindible para la viabilidad de los asentamientos en el tiempo.


    En ese sentido, este libro aporta elementos conceptuales y prácticos orientados a la sustentabilidad de las intervenciones sobre los ambientes exteriores ubicados en el contexto del trópico cálido. Que son además temáticas de interés para quienes tienen injerencia en el carácter de los impactos sobre el territorio.

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    Ante unas condiciones ambientales cada vez más críticas resulta perentoria la búsqueda de estrategias de intervención sobre los espacios que sean menos perturbadoras y a su vez restaurativas. Es allí donde el diseño del paisaje cumple un rol destacado, en el propósito de conciliar las necesidades humanas con la protección de la naturaleza, condición imprescindible para la...

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    Arquitecta, Especilista en Paisajismo y Máster en Medio Ambiente y Arquitectura Bioclimática. Docente de la Universidad del Valle, Coordinadora de la Especialización en Paisajismo, Directora del CITCE (Centro de Investigaciones Territorio, Construcción, Espacio) de la Facultad de Artes Integradas.  Investigadora en diseño sostenible del paisaje , con experiencia en el diseño de áreas exteriores. Co-directora del grupo de investigación Cátedra Cultura: Naturaleza.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación

     

    Introducción

     

    CAPÍTULO 1

    Ambiente y espacio exterior

     

    1. Los paisajes pre-modernos
       
    2. El paisaje del Nuevo Mundo
       
    3. Siglo xx
       
    4. Nuevos paradigmas, nuevas prácticas
       
    5. Transformaciones urbanas en el contexto latinoamericano

     

    CAPÍTULO 2

    Reseña sobre la transformación del paisaje en el Valle del Cauca

     

    1. Panorama paleohistórico
       
    2. Época prehispánica
       
    3. Siglos XVI-XVIII
       
    4. Siglo XIX
       
    5. Siglo XX
       
    6. La dispersión urbana

     

    CAPÍTULO 3

    El diseño paisajístico

     

    1. Diseño del paisaje y sostenibilidad
       
    2. Metodología de análisis de sitio
       
    3. Los escenarios de paisaje en el valle geográfico del río Cauca como base del diseño paisajístico
    • Proceso metodológico de diseño paisajístico con base en los escenarios de paisaje

     

    CAPÍTULO 4

    Diseño en paisajes fragmentados: el corredor ecológico

     

    1. El corredor de paisaje (ecológico)

     

    CAPÍTULO 5

    Diseño de espacios exteriores en el clima cálido

     

    1. Características del clima en los trópicos
       
    2. Balance térmico del cuerpo humano
       
    3. Control micro climático a escala urbana
       
    4. Los materiales
       
    5. Enfriamiento evaporativo
    • Aplicaciones del enfriamiento evaporativo
    1. El sombreamiento
    • Por medios arquitectónicos
    • Por la vegetación

     

    CAPÍTULO 6

    Diseño paisajístico en cuerpos de agua

     

    1. Generalidades
       
    2. Perturbaciones antrópicas en humedales 
       
    3. Principios para el diseño ecológico en ríos
       
    4. La vegetación en el corredor verde
       
    5. Criterios de diseño paisajístico en corredores hídricos
       
    6. Epílogo

     

    Anexos
     

    1. Anexo Ejemplares del bosque seco tropical
    • Familias más representativas de la flora relictual del Valle del Cauca
    • Ejemplares en peligro de extinción
    • Vegetación asociada a las riberas de los ríos y humedales

     

    Referencias

    • Documentos de Internet
    • Imágenes e ilustraciones

     

    Índice de imágenes

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación

     

    Introducción

     

    CAPÍTULO 1

    Ambiente y espacio exterior

     

    1. Los paisajes pre-modernos
       
    2. El paisaje del Nuevo Mundo
       
    3. Siglo xx
       
    4. Nuevos paradigmas, nuevas prácticas
       
    5. Transformaciones urbanas en el contexto latinoamericano

     

    CAPÍTULO 2

    Reseña sobre la transformación del paisaje en el Valle del Cauca

     

    1. Panorama paleohistórico
       
    2. Época prehispánica
       
    3. Siglos XVI-XVIII
       
    4. Siglo XIX
       
    5. Siglo XX
       
    6. La dispersión urbana

     

    CAPÍTULO 3

    El diseño paisajístico

     

    1. Diseño del paisaje y sostenibilidad
       
    2. Metodología de análisis de sitio
       
    3. Los escenarios de paisaje en el valle geográfico del río Cauca como base del diseño paisajístico
    • Proceso metodológico de diseño paisajístico con base en los escenarios de paisaje

     

    CAPÍTULO 4

    Diseño en paisajes fragmentados: el corredor ecológico

     

    1. El corredor de paisaje (ecológico)

     

    CAPÍTULO 5

    Diseño de espacios exteriores en el clima cálido

     

    1. Características del clima en los trópicos
       
    2. Balance térmico del cuerpo humano
       
    3. Control micro climático a escala urbana
       
    4. Los materiales
       
    5. Enfriamiento evaporativo
    • Aplicaciones del enfriamiento evaporativo
    1. El sombreamiento
    • Por medios arquitectónicos
    • Por la vegetación

     

    CAPÍTULO 6

    Diseño paisajístico en cuerpos de agua

     

    1. Generalidades
       
    2. Perturbaciones antrópicas en humedales 
       
    3. Principios para el diseño ecológico en ríos
       
    4. La vegetación en el corredor verde
       
    5. Criterios de diseño paisajístico en corredores hídricos
       
    6. Epílogo

     

    Anexos
     

    1. Anexo Ejemplares del bosque seco tropical
    • Familias más representativas de la flora relictual del Valle del Cauca
    • Ejemplares en peligro de extinción
    • Vegetación asociada a las riberas de los ríos y humedales

     

    Referencias

    • Documentos de Internet
    • Imágenes e ilustraciones

     

    Índice de imágenes

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    Arquitecta, Especilista en Paisajismo y Máster en Medio Ambiente y Arquitectura Bioclimática. Docente de la Universidad del Valle, Coordinadora de la Especialización en Paisajismo, Directora del CITCE (Centro de Investigaciones Territorio, Construcción, Espacio) de la Facultad de Artes Integradas.  Investigadora en diseño sostenible del paisaje , con experiencia en el diseño de áreas exteriores. Co-directora del grupo de investigación Cátedra Cultura: Naturaleza.

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    Conforma el grupo de investigadores “Hábitat y Desarrollo Sostenible” de la Escuela de Arquitectura e Ingeniería Mecánica de la Universidad del Valle.

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    Conforma el grupo de investigadores “Hábitat y Desarrollo Sostenible” de la Escuela de Arquitectura e Ingeniería Mecánica de la Universidad del Valle.

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    Ingeniero Mecánica de la Universidad del Valle. Luego, en 1982, se graduó con honores de la Maestría en Ingeniería Mecánica de Termociencias de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). En el año 2000, obtuvo el título de Doctor en Ingeniería Mecánica en la Universidad de Lehigh en Pennsylvania, Estados Unidos.

     

    Desde 1991, ha estado trabajando en la Escuela de Ingeniería Mecánica y en la Escuela Superior de Arquitectura de la Universidad del Valle, en Cali, Colombia. Su investigación se centra en el campo de la energía, principalmente en eficiencia energética y sostenibilidad de edificios, control de calidad del aire natural y mecánico, control de transmisión de infecciones en el aire y confort.

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    Arquitecto. Universidad Católica de Colombia, Bogotá.

     

    Posdoctorado en Geografía. Universite Du Quebec, Canadá y Doctorado en Urbanismo. Universidad Nacional Autónoma, México

    Es jefe Departamento de Proyectos, y Coordinador Maestría en Arquitectura y Urbanismo. Fue Jefe Oficina de Planeación y Desarrollo Instituciona y representante Profesoral al Consejo de la FAI.

     

    Líneas de Investigación:
    Integrante del Grupo de Investigación: HÁBITAT Y DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE

     

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Prefacio

     

    Introducción

     

    Capítulo 1
    El confort ambiental y el clima en la vivienda de interés social (VIS)


    Hipótesis: la percepción de confort en vis aspectos relevantes del confort  VIS

    • Concepto de confort
    • ¿Cómo el cuerpo regula la temperatura?
    • Condiciones de confort
    • Tasa de metabolismo
    • Evaluación del aislamiento por ropa
    • Temperatura media radiante
    • El Índice de Fanger - PMV y PPD


    El clima en Cali

    • Vientos
    • Lluvias
    • Temperatura
    • Humedad relativa
    • Radiación solar
    • Zonificación climática de la ciudad de Cali


    Capítulo 2
    Fenomenología energética del edificio

    • Tipos de VIS. Modos y materiales de construcción
    • Modos de transferencia de energía en edificaciones cálculo de cargas térmicas


    Capítulo 3
    Relación del paisaje y del contexto urbano de la vivienda de interés social con el confort

     

    Antecedentes históricos

     

    Alteración del clima urbano —Isla de calor—

     

    La vivienda de interés social en Cali (PERÍODO 2004-2007)

     

    Las relaciones urbanas de la vivienda de interés social

    • Sistema de movilidad
    • Sistema de espacio público
    • Sistema ambiental
    • Estructura funcional
    • Morfología
    • Imagen urbana


    Clasificación vis según año de construcción, tipología, tipo, sistemas constructivos

    • Construcción de Vivienda de Interés Social por año
    • Construcción de Vivienda de Interés Social por tipología
    • Clasificación de la Vivienda de Interés Social por tipo
    • Vivienda de Interés Social por sistemas constructivos


    Capítulo 4
    Caso de estudio - indagaciones


    Análisis cualitativos de la vivienda de interés social (VIS) - La encuesta

     

    Análisis cuantitativos de la vivienda de interés social: mediciones

    • Caracterización de conductividad de materiales de construcción utilizados en la Vivienda de Interés Social Estudio de sombras
    • Confort ambiental del contexto urbano de la Vivienda de Interés Social
    • Conjunto Residencial Calicanto I
    • Urbanización Vallegrande
    • Mediciones para cálculos de índices de confort en la Vivienda de Interés Social
    • Análisis de resultados 

     

    Capítulo 5
    Vivienda de interés social (VIS) Sostenible - propuesta de mejoramiento


    Estrategias de mejoramiento del confort ambiental arquitectónico de la vivienda de interés social

    • Experiencia Vallegrande
    • Situación inicial y problema
    • Caracterización del problema
    • Análisis del problema
    • Propuesta de solución
    • Resultados y testimonio
    • Índices de Fanger antes y después de la barrera radiante

     

    Capítulo 6
    Conclusiones


    En relación con el aspecto urbano

     

    En relación con las herramientas del análisis en relación con el confort térmico

     

    Bibliografía

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Prefacio

     

    Introducción

     

    Capítulo 1
    El confort ambiental y el clima en la vivienda de interés social (VIS)


    Hipótesis: la percepción de confort en vis aspectos relevantes del confort  VIS

    • Concepto de confort
    • ¿Cómo el cuerpo regula la temperatura?
    • Condiciones de confort
    • Tasa de metabolismo
    • Evaluación del aislamiento por ropa
    • Temperatura media radiante
    • El Índice de Fanger - PMV y PPD


    El clima en Cali

    • Vientos
    • Lluvias
    • Temperatura
    • Humedad relativa
    • Radiación solar
    • Zonificación climática de la ciudad de Cali


    Capítulo 2
    Fenomenología energética del edificio

    • Tipos de VIS. Modos y materiales de construcción
    • Modos de transferencia de energía en edificaciones cálculo de cargas térmicas


    Capítulo 3
    Relación del paisaje y del contexto urbano de la vivienda de interés social con el confort

     

    Antecedentes históricos

     

    Alteración del clima urbano —Isla de calor—

     

    La vivienda de interés social en Cali (PERÍODO 2004-2007)

     

    Las relaciones urbanas de la vivienda de interés social

    • Sistema de movilidad
    • Sistema de espacio público
    • Sistema ambiental
    • Estructura funcional
    • Morfología
    • Imagen urbana


    Clasificación vis según año de construcción, tipología, tipo, sistemas constructivos

    • Construcción de Vivienda de Interés Social por año
    • Construcción de Vivienda de Interés Social por tipología
    • Clasificación de la Vivienda de Interés Social por tipo
    • Vivienda de Interés Social por sistemas constructivos


    Capítulo 4
    Caso de estudio - indagaciones


    Análisis cualitativos de la vivienda de interés social (VIS) - La encuesta

     

    Análisis cuantitativos de la vivienda de interés social: mediciones

    • Caracterización de conductividad de materiales de construcción utilizados en la Vivienda de Interés Social Estudio de sombras
    • Confort ambiental del contexto urbano de la Vivienda de Interés Social
    • Conjunto Residencial Calicanto I
    • Urbanización Vallegrande
    • Mediciones para cálculos de índices de confort en la Vivienda de Interés Social
    • Análisis de resultados 

     

    Capítulo 5
    Vivienda de interés social (VIS) Sostenible - propuesta de mejoramiento


    Estrategias de mejoramiento del confort ambiental arquitectónico de la vivienda de interés social

    • Experiencia Vallegrande
    • Situación inicial y problema
    • Caracterización del problema
    • Análisis del problema
    • Propuesta de solución
    • Resultados y testimonio
    • Índices de Fanger antes y después de la barrera radiante

     

    Capítulo 6
    Conclusiones


    En relación con el aspecto urbano

     

    En relación con las herramientas del análisis en relación con el confort térmico

     

    Bibliografía

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    Este libro reúne los principales resultados del proyecto de investigación 'Efectos de la contaminación por metales en la Ultraestructura Celular de la Biota Acuática y Poblaciones Humanas Asociadas a la Laguna de Sonso en el Valle del Cauca' ejecutado por la Universidad del Valle, la Universidad Autónoma de Occidente y la Universidad del Cauca, con la cofinanciación de Colciencias. El propósito de la publicación es documentar los principales problemas ambientales a los que se exponen estos ecosistemas acuáticos, haciendo énfasis en la contaminación por metales pesados, sus causas y consecuencias, incorporando además principios metodológicos para su evaluación y monitoreo. El libro describe la situación ambiental de la Laguna de Sonso, como un estudio de caso en el Valle del Cauca, enumerando igualmente sus atributos ecológicos y planteando una serie de métodos importantes para el estudio de los ecosistemas acuáticos continentales en el país.

     

    A partir de la estructura planteada en esta publicación, se pretende que el documento aporte elementos conceptuales y metodológicos claves para la conservación y manejo de estos ecosistemas acuáticos. De igual manera, que las ideas desarrolladas en los estudios referidos puedan generar una agenda de trabajo con todos los actores relacionados con el uso de estos recursos hidrobiológicos para rescatar la riqueza que guardan los sistemas de humedales en la cuenca alta del río Cauca.

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    Este libro reúne los principales resultados del proyecto de investigación 'Efectos de la contaminación por metales en la Ultraestructura Celular de la Biota Acuática y Poblaciones Humanas Asociadas a la Laguna de Sonso en el Valle del Cauca' ejecutado por la Universidad del Valle, la Universidad Autónoma de Occidente y la Universidad del Cauca, con la cofinanciación de...

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    Ph.D. Biología. Doctorado University Of South Carolina. 1998. M.S. Especialización Biología de Plantas no Vasculares. Universidad Mayor de San Marcos. 1992.

    B.S. Biología. Universidad del Valle. 1990.

     

    Las líneas de investigación están relacionadas con la ecofisiología de plantas acuáticas (algas), el aprovechamiento y aplicaciones en procesos de Biorremediación. Los trabajos más recientes sobre las respuestas de las plantas a al estrés han demostrado el uso de la eficiencia fotosintética como indicador fisiológico del estrés de metales en algas rojas y el papel de los consorcios algas-bacteria para la biorremediación de lixiviadosindustriales.

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    Biólogo de la Universidad del Valle, con un Doctorado (Ph.D) en oceanología de la Universite D´Aix- Marseille II, de Francia, y un Posdoctorado en el Centro de Oceanología y la Estación Marina de Endoume de Marsella, Francia. Es Profesor Emérito de la Universidad del Valle desde 1992 y miembro fundador de la sección de Biología Marina; cuenta con 25 publicaciones internacionales y 42 nacionales.

     

    Ha publicado 15 libros completos y 17 capítulos de libros; ha presentado trabajos en 55 eventos nacionales y 18 internacionales. Ha dirigido 5 tesis de doctorado, 4 de maestría y 17 trabajos de pregrado, Actualmente es Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Exactas de la Universidad del Valle.

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    Licenciada en Biología y Química, Universidad Santiago de Cali, Especialista en Gestión Ambiental, Universidad Autónoma de Occidente y Especialista en Educación Virtual, Instituto Latinoamericano de Comunicación Educativa, ILCE, México.

     

    Magíster en ciencias, MSc.Ecología y Manejo de Recursos Bióticos, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones sobre Recursos Bióticas-INIREB, Xalapa Veracruz, México. Doctora en Ciencias Naturales para el Desarrollo, Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo, Universidad Autónoma Nacional de México-UAM, UNAN León-Nicaragua, Universidad de Ciego Ávila, UNED.  Costa Rica, 

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    Prólogo

     

    Introducción

     

     

    PARTE 1. LA LAGUNA DE SONSO: ASPECTOS BIOFÍSICOS Y SOCIALES

     

    Capítulo 1.

    Los humedales en el continente americano, conceptos y clasificación

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Elementos conceptuales
    3. Clasificación de los humedales
    4. Sistemas de clasificación
       
    • Características fisiográficas
    • Características relativas al gradiente altitudinal
       
    1. Clasificación según categorías de valoración
    2. Referencias


     

    Capítulo 2.

    Descripción del área de estudio

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Descripción del área de estudio
       
    • Diversidad biológica en la Laguna de Sonso
    • Variaciones recientes del espejo de agua de la Laguna de Sonso
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 3.

    La calidad fisicoquímica del agua en la Laguna de Sonso

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Parámetros de calidad
       
    • Temperatura
    • Conductividad
    • Solidos disueltos totales (TDS)
    • Salinidad
    • Oxígeno disuelto
    • pH
    • Potencial de óxido reducción (ORP)
    • Amonio y Amoniaco
    • Nitratos
       
    1. Referencias

     


     

    Capítulo 4.

    Las poblaciones humanas y su relación con el ecosistema lagunar

     

    1. Introducción
    2. La comunidad y su relación con la laguna
       
    • Características culturales e históricas
       
    1. Demografía
    2. Centros médicos
    3. Servicios públicos
    4. Juntas de acción
    5. Ocupaciones e ingreso
       
    • Actividades en la laguna
       
    1. Problemas más frecuentes de contaminación
       
    • Amenazas hacia la población
       
    1. Pescadores artesanales
       
    • Hábitos de alimentación con el pescado
       
    1. Referencias

     


     

     

    PARTE 2. EL ECOSISTEMA LAGUNAR BAJO TENSIÓN

     

    Capítulo 5.

    Aproximaciones de la historia ambiental reciente de la Laguna de Sonso

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Historia ambiental de la laguna
    3. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 6.

    Problemática ambiental en la Laguna de Sonso  

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Principales problemas en la Laguna de Sonso y su área de captación
       
    • Plan de recuperación de tierras y cultivo de caña de azúcar
    • Construcción de doble calzada de la carretera Buenaventura – Buga
    • Construcciones hidráulicas
    • Buchón de agua (Eichhornia crassipes), escorrentía y eutrofización
    • Especies introducidas
    • Calidad de agua
    • Problemas sociales
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 7.

    Dinámica de la transformación y bioacumulación de los metales pesados en la Laguna de Sonso 

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Especies utilizadas para el biomonitoreo de la acumulación por metales pesados e la alguna
    3. Dinámica de los metales pesados
       
    • Fuentes de metales pesados
    • Bioacumulación de metales pesados
       
    1. Características de los metales pesados
       
    • Cromo
    • Mercurio
    • Plomo
       
    1. Niveles de metales pesados en la Laguna de Sonso
       
    • Niveles de metales en sedimentos
    • Niveles de metales en algunos grupos tróficos
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 8.

    Criterios para la evaluación de la eutroficación en la Laguna de Sonso mediante el modelo de simulación LACAT

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Área de estudio
       
    • Protocolo metodológico
       
    1. Legislación vigente
    2. Evaluación temporal y espacial de la calidad del agua
       
    • Espejo lagunar
    • Tributarios de la laguna de Sonso
       
    1. Aplicación del modelo de eutroficación
       
    • Sistema de clasificación trófica
    • Aplicación a la Laguna de Sonso
    • Simulación de escenarios
       
    1. Referencia

     

     

    PARTE 3. MÉTODOS DE ESTUDIO PARA LA EVALUACIÓN DE LA CONTAMINACIÓN

     

     

    Capítulo 9.

    Evaluación de la biodiversidad de las comunidades hidrobiológicas y su uso como bioindicadores en ecosistemas acuáticos

     

    1. Biodiversidad de comunidades acuáticas y bioindicación
       
    • Indicadores biológicos
       
    1. Índices biológicos
       
    • Índices de diversidad
    • Índices sapróbicos
    • Índices bióticos
       
    1. Monitoreo en humedales
       
    • Parámetros físico – químicos
    • Parámetros biológicos
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 10.

    Métodos de estudio para la evaluación de la contaminación en sedimentos

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Tipos de contaminantes
    3. Procedimientos de muestreo del bentos de sedimentos
    • Muestreo del bentos en fondos particulados
    • Procedimientos de muestreos, conservación y traslado para análisis químico
    • Recolección de muestras con muestreador tipo Corex
    • Muestreo de sedimento para estudios de datación
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 11.

    Los biomarcadores celulares como herramienta en la evaluación de contaminación ambiental en medios acuáticos

     

    1. Introducción
       
    • Antecedentes
       
    1. Definición de biomarcadores
    2. Técnicas histológicas y de microscopía en su aplicación a los biomarcadores celulares
    3. Biomarcadores citológicos
       
    • Los lisosomas
       
    1. Las técnicas de autometalografía como herramienta en evaluación de metales  
    2. Microanálisis y la composición elemental lisosomal
    3. La fagocitosis como biomarcador citológico
    4. La histopatología como biomarcador
    5. Referencias  

     

     

    Capítulo 12.

    Los isótopos estables para el estudio de las transferencias de metales en cadenas tróficas de ecosistemas acuáticos

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Conceptos generales sobre isótopos estables
       
    • ¿Qué son los isótopos estables?
    • Trabajando con isotopos estables
       
    1. Los isótopos estables en la ecología
       
    • Ciclos biogeoquímicos
    • Fraccionamiento isotópico
       
    1. Ecología trófica
       
    • Niveles tróficos
    • Redes tróficas
       
    1. Técnicas analíticas para la determinación de las proporciones isotópicas
       
    • Cuidado en la toma de muestras
    • Procedimiento
       
    1. Resultados esperados para la Laguna de Sonso
    2. Referencias  

     

     

    Capítulo 13.

    Los sistemas dinámicos como herramientas para modelar la acumulación de metales pesados en comunidades acuáticas

     

    1. Introducción
       
    • Ecosistemas, modelación, impacto humano
       
    1. Análisis de sistemas – enfoque sistémico
       
    • Definiciones de sistema
    • Etapas en un Análisis de Sistemas
       
    1. Modelación
       
    • Tipos de representaciones
    • Tipos de modelos
    • Partes de un modelo para simulación dinámica
       
    1. Estudio de caso
       
    • Definición del problema
    • Modelo conceptual para metales
    • Formulación matemática
    • Parametrización – Calibración
    • Análisis de resultados – Uso del modelo
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Síntesis

     

     

    Referencias

     

     

    Autores

     

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    Prólogo

     

    Introducción

     

     

    PARTE 1. LA LAGUNA DE SONSO: ASPECTOS BIOFÍSICOS Y SOCIALES

     

    Capítulo 1.

    Los humedales en el continente americano, conceptos y clasificación

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Elementos conceptuales
    3. Clasificación de los humedales
    4. Sistemas de clasificación
       
    • Características fisiográficas
    • Características relativas al gradiente altitudinal
       
    1. Clasificación según categorías de valoración
    2. Referencias


     

    Capítulo 2.

    Descripción del área de estudio

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Descripción del área de estudio
       
    • Diversidad biológica en la Laguna de Sonso
    • Variaciones recientes del espejo de agua de la Laguna de Sonso
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 3.

    La calidad fisicoquímica del agua en la Laguna de Sonso

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Parámetros de calidad
       
    • Temperatura
    • Conductividad
    • Solidos disueltos totales (TDS)
    • Salinidad
    • Oxígeno disuelto
    • pH
    • Potencial de óxido reducción (ORP)
    • Amonio y Amoniaco
    • Nitratos
       
    1. Referencias

     


     

    Capítulo 4.

    Las poblaciones humanas y su relación con el ecosistema lagunar

     

    1. Introducción
    2. La comunidad y su relación con la laguna
       
    • Características culturales e históricas
       
    1. Demografía
    2. Centros médicos
    3. Servicios públicos
    4. Juntas de acción
    5. Ocupaciones e ingreso
       
    • Actividades en la laguna
       
    1. Problemas más frecuentes de contaminación
       
    • Amenazas hacia la población
       
    1. Pescadores artesanales
       
    • Hábitos de alimentación con el pescado
       
    1. Referencias

     


     

     

    PARTE 2. EL ECOSISTEMA LAGUNAR BAJO TENSIÓN

     

    Capítulo 5.

    Aproximaciones de la historia ambiental reciente de la Laguna de Sonso

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Historia ambiental de la laguna
    3. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 6.

    Problemática ambiental en la Laguna de Sonso  

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Principales problemas en la Laguna de Sonso y su área de captación
       
    • Plan de recuperación de tierras y cultivo de caña de azúcar
    • Construcción de doble calzada de la carretera Buenaventura – Buga
    • Construcciones hidráulicas
    • Buchón de agua (Eichhornia crassipes), escorrentía y eutrofización
    • Especies introducidas
    • Calidad de agua
    • Problemas sociales
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 7.

    Dinámica de la transformación y bioacumulación de los metales pesados en la Laguna de Sonso 

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Especies utilizadas para el biomonitoreo de la acumulación por metales pesados e la alguna
    3. Dinámica de los metales pesados
       
    • Fuentes de metales pesados
    • Bioacumulación de metales pesados
       
    1. Características de los metales pesados
       
    • Cromo
    • Mercurio
    • Plomo
       
    1. Niveles de metales pesados en la Laguna de Sonso
       
    • Niveles de metales en sedimentos
    • Niveles de metales en algunos grupos tróficos
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 8.

    Criterios para la evaluación de la eutroficación en la Laguna de Sonso mediante el modelo de simulación LACAT

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Área de estudio
       
    • Protocolo metodológico
       
    1. Legislación vigente
    2. Evaluación temporal y espacial de la calidad del agua
       
    • Espejo lagunar
    • Tributarios de la laguna de Sonso
       
    1. Aplicación del modelo de eutroficación
       
    • Sistema de clasificación trófica
    • Aplicación a la Laguna de Sonso
    • Simulación de escenarios
       
    1. Referencia

     

     

    PARTE 3. MÉTODOS DE ESTUDIO PARA LA EVALUACIÓN DE LA CONTAMINACIÓN

     

     

    Capítulo 9.

    Evaluación de la biodiversidad de las comunidades hidrobiológicas y su uso como bioindicadores en ecosistemas acuáticos

     

    1. Biodiversidad de comunidades acuáticas y bioindicación
       
    • Indicadores biológicos
       
    1. Índices biológicos
       
    • Índices de diversidad
    • Índices sapróbicos
    • Índices bióticos
       
    1. Monitoreo en humedales
       
    • Parámetros físico – químicos
    • Parámetros biológicos
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 10.

    Métodos de estudio para la evaluación de la contaminación en sedimentos

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Tipos de contaminantes
    3. Procedimientos de muestreo del bentos de sedimentos
    • Muestreo del bentos en fondos particulados
    • Procedimientos de muestreos, conservación y traslado para análisis químico
    • Recolección de muestras con muestreador tipo Corex
    • Muestreo de sedimento para estudios de datación
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Capítulo 11.

    Los biomarcadores celulares como herramienta en la evaluación de contaminación ambiental en medios acuáticos

     

    1. Introducción
       
    • Antecedentes
       
    1. Definición de biomarcadores
    2. Técnicas histológicas y de microscopía en su aplicación a los biomarcadores celulares
    3. Biomarcadores citológicos
       
    • Los lisosomas
       
    1. Las técnicas de autometalografía como herramienta en evaluación de metales  
    2. Microanálisis y la composición elemental lisosomal
    3. La fagocitosis como biomarcador citológico
    4. La histopatología como biomarcador
    5. Referencias  

     

     

    Capítulo 12.

    Los isótopos estables para el estudio de las transferencias de metales en cadenas tróficas de ecosistemas acuáticos

     

    1. Introducción
    2. Conceptos generales sobre isótopos estables
       
    • ¿Qué son los isótopos estables?
    • Trabajando con isotopos estables
       
    1. Los isótopos estables en la ecología
       
    • Ciclos biogeoquímicos
    • Fraccionamiento isotópico
       
    1. Ecología trófica
       
    • Niveles tróficos
    • Redes tróficas
       
    1. Técnicas analíticas para la determinación de las proporciones isotópicas
       
    • Cuidado en la toma de muestras
    • Procedimiento
       
    1. Resultados esperados para la Laguna de Sonso
    2. Referencias  

     

     

    Capítulo 13.

    Los sistemas dinámicos como herramientas para modelar la acumulación de metales pesados en comunidades acuáticas

     

    1. Introducción
       
    • Ecosistemas, modelación, impacto humano
       
    1. Análisis de sistemas – enfoque sistémico
       
    • Definiciones de sistema
    • Etapas en un Análisis de Sistemas
       
    1. Modelación
       
    • Tipos de representaciones
    • Tipos de modelos
    • Partes de un modelo para simulación dinámica
       
    1. Estudio de caso
       
    • Definición del problema
    • Modelo conceptual para metales
    • Formulación matemática
    • Parametrización – Calibración
    • Análisis de resultados – Uso del modelo
       
    1. Referencias

     

     

    Síntesis

     

     

    Referencias

     

     

    Autores

     

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    Historia ambiental del Valle del Cauca | Autor: Nancy Motta Gónzalez

    Isbn: 978-958-670-804-3 | Año: 2010 | Páginas: 199
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    Este trabajo contempla las principales características del medio geográfico y ecológico del Valle del Cauca, así como las diversas transformaciones que éste ha tenido a causa de las acciones antrópicas relacionadas con el aprovechamiento, el dominio y la conservación del medio ambiente. Se analizan las formas culturales y los medios puestos en práctica por la sociedad vallecaucana para identificar, apropiarse y dar un manejo al territorio, con la finalidad de explotar los elementos naturales del ambiente y convertirlos en recursos.

     

    Este estudio también considera la manera como los hombres y las mujeres de esta comarca han ido construyendo territorio y territorialidad en las diversas unidades de paisaje, presentes en el Valle del Cauca.

     

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    Este trabajo contempla las principales características del medio geográfico y ecológico del Valle del Cauca, así como las diversas transformaciones que éste ha tenido a causa de las acciones antrópicas relacionadas con el aprovechamiento, el dominio y la conservación del medio ambiente. Se analizan las formas culturales y los medios puestos en práctica por la sociedad...

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    Doctora en “El medio ambiente natural y humano en las Ciencias Sociales”, Departamento de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Salamanca, 2006; Licencia en Ciencias Sociales. Facultad de Humanidades. Universidad del Valle. Santiago de Cali, 1996. Actualmente es profesora del Departamento de Historia, de la Facultad de Humanidades, de la Universidad del Valle en la coordinación del área de Pedagogía y dirige el curso de Historia ambiental. Fue docente de la Universidad Santiago de Cali, donde trabajó como Coordinadora del Centro de Investigaciones Pedagógicas Santiaguinas – CIPESA de la Facultad de Educación.

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    Antropóloga de la Universidad del Cauca. Magíster en Desarrollo Rural de la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana de Bogotá. Es profesora de tiempo completo. Fue jefa de Departamento de Historia, directora de la Maestría en Historia y del Centro de Estudios de Género, Mujer y Sociedad en la Universidad del Valle.

     

    Catedrática de la Universidad Santiago de Cali, en la Maestría de Educación Ambiental y Desarrollo Sostenible, e Integrante del Centro de Estudios Regionales – Región y del grupo Género, Familia, Sexualidad, Identidad y Ambiente de la Universidad del Valle.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación

     

    Introducción

     

    1. Imaginario ambiental
     

    2. La historia ambiental
     

    3. Enfoque de género

     

    CAPÍTULO 1

    VALLE DEL CAUCA: ÁMBITO DE BIODIVERSIDAD

     

    1. Valoración del entorno vallecaucano
       
    2. Localización y ambiente físico
       
    3. Características geológicas vallecaucanas
       
    4. El recurso suelo y sus características
       
    5. Las condiciones climáticas
       
    6. Recursos naturales del Valle del Cauca
    • Los bosques de la costa pacífica vallecaucana
    • Los bosques subandino y andino
    • Bosques secos del valle del río Cauca
    • Zona de páramo
    • Bosque muy seco tropical o subxerofítico

     

    1. Zonas de Reserva: Espacios de preservación de la naturaleza vallecaucana
    • Bahía Málaga
    • Reserva Natural Laguna de Sonso
    • Reserva forestal Bosque de Yotoco
    • Reserva Forestal Protectora de los ríos Escalerete y San Cipriano
    • Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali
    • Parque Nacional Natural Tatamá
    • Parque Nacional Natural Páramo de las Hermosas
    • La Reserva Forestal Central
    • La Reserva Forestal del Pacífico

     

    1. Recursos hidrográficos vallecaucanos
    • Factores de amenaza de los ríos vallecaucanos

     

    CAPÍTULO 2

    UNA MIRADA AL DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO Y SOCIOAMBIENTAL VALLECAUCANO. SIGLOS XVI-XIX

     

    1. El período colonial en el Valle
       
    2. Por los caminos del Valle en el siglo XIX

     

    CAPÍTULO 3

    EL VALLE DEL CAUCA Y LOS COMIENZOS DE LA MODERNIDAD. SIGLO XX

     

    1. El mejoramiento de las vías de comunicación: un desafío vallecaucano
    • El río Cauca: recurso vital del Occidente colombiano

     

    1. Las prácticas agrícolas vallecaucanas de comienzos de siglo
    • La actividad cafetera en el Valle del Cauca
    • La producción tabacalera
    • La producción algodonera: un proyecto frustrado
    • La caña de azúcar: su papel decisivo en la economía departamental

     

    1. La dinámica demográfica departamental y sus grandes cambios
    • Algunos factores que intervinieron en la dinámica demográfica
    • Cambios en la dinámica demográfica departamental
    • Las oportunidades laborales

     

    1. Condiciones de salud e higiene a comienzos del siglo XX
    • La explotación lechera: foco de enfermedades
    • El acueducto: un proyecto esencial para la salud de los vallecaucanos
    • La necesidad de un óptimo servicio de alcantarillado
    • El problema de las basuras

     

    1. El desarrollo industrial vallecaucano
    • Las trilladoras y fábricas: escenario laboral femenino
    • El avance industrial vallecaucano

     

    Referencias bibliográficas

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación

     

    Introducción

     

    1. Imaginario ambiental
     

    2. La historia ambiental
     

    3. Enfoque de género

     

    CAPÍTULO 1

    VALLE DEL CAUCA: ÁMBITO DE BIODIVERSIDAD

     

    1. Valoración del entorno vallecaucano
       
    2. Localización y ambiente físico
       
    3. Características geológicas vallecaucanas
       
    4. El recurso suelo y sus características
       
    5. Las condiciones climáticas
       
    6. Recursos naturales del Valle del Cauca
    • Los bosques de la costa pacífica vallecaucana
    • Los bosques subandino y andino
    • Bosques secos del valle del río Cauca
    • Zona de páramo
    • Bosque muy seco tropical o subxerofítico

     

    1. Zonas de Reserva: Espacios de preservación de la naturaleza vallecaucana
    • Bahía Málaga
    • Reserva Natural Laguna de Sonso
    • Reserva forestal Bosque de Yotoco
    • Reserva Forestal Protectora de los ríos Escalerete y San Cipriano
    • Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali
    • Parque Nacional Natural Tatamá
    • Parque Nacional Natural Páramo de las Hermosas
    • La Reserva Forestal Central
    • La Reserva Forestal del Pacífico

     

    1. Recursos hidrográficos vallecaucanos
    • Factores de amenaza de los ríos vallecaucanos

     

    CAPÍTULO 2

    UNA MIRADA AL DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO Y SOCIOAMBIENTAL VALLECAUCANO. SIGLOS XVI-XIX

     

    1. El período colonial en el Valle
       
    2. Por los caminos del Valle en el siglo XIX

     

    CAPÍTULO 3

    EL VALLE DEL CAUCA Y LOS COMIENZOS DE LA MODERNIDAD. SIGLO XX

     

    1. El mejoramiento de las vías de comunicación: un desafío vallecaucano
    • El río Cauca: recurso vital del Occidente colombiano

     

    1. Las prácticas agrícolas vallecaucanas de comienzos de siglo
    • La actividad cafetera en el Valle del Cauca
    • La producción tabacalera
    • La producción algodonera: un proyecto frustrado
    • La caña de azúcar: su papel decisivo en la economía departamental

     

    1. La dinámica demográfica departamental y sus grandes cambios
    • Algunos factores que intervinieron en la dinámica demográfica
    • Cambios en la dinámica demográfica departamental
    • Las oportunidades laborales

     

    1. Condiciones de salud e higiene a comienzos del siglo XX
    • La explotación lechera: foco de enfermedades
    • El acueducto: un proyecto esencial para la salud de los vallecaucanos
    • La necesidad de un óptimo servicio de alcantarillado
    • El problema de las basuras

     

    1. El desarrollo industrial vallecaucano
    • Las trilladoras y fábricas: escenario laboral femenino
    • El avance industrial vallecaucano

     

    Referencias bibliográficas

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    Precio de venta con descuento:
    Descuentos Universilibros10%
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        [product_name] => Conflicto ambiental en el río Pance entre diversos usos y usuarios del agua
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    Las ciudades colombianas han vivido un proceso de urbanización de forma acelerada y reciente desde la segunda mitad del siglo XX, explicado en buena medida por las alteas tasas de migración y los elevados crecimientos vegetativos de la población. La ciudad de Cali no ha sido ajena a esta realidad: hay fuertes tendencias hacia la dispersión de la ciudad y la pérdida del centro como elemento organizador de la estructura y las relaciones urbanas, a favor de la fragmentación, la suburbanización y el crecimiento de las periferias. Hoy la dinámica urbana de Cali se mueve con fuerza hacia el sur de la ciudad y los alrededores del río Pance, patrimonio recreativo y paisajístico de los caleños. La gran dinámica urbana no solo demanda nuevas tierras, sino más agua para abastecer el consumo de la población, generando disputas ambientales con los usuarios tradicionales del recurso y el territorio.

     

    Este libro estudia precisamente el conflicto ambiental generado por las perspectivas de construir un sistema de acueducto captando agua del río Pance para abastecer estratos socio – económicos de altos niveles de ingreso que han venido expandiendo sus viviendas hacia ese sector del municipio y las áreas cercanas a la cuenca del río Pance. Los habitantes de la zona rural que viven de vender servicios turísticos a los visitantes, y los grupos ambientalistas que quieren proteger esta pequeña reserva de biodiversidad y de paisaje, protestaron frente a esta amenaza estableciendo una Acción Popular orientada a “garantizar la defensa y protección de sus derechos e interés colectivos como usuarios y beneficiarios del río Pance”.

     

    En este trabajo no solo se presenta la disputa por la apropiación de un recurso como el agua para usos diferentes y excluyentes, sino que, sobre todo, se muestran los elementos analíticos desde una perspectiva multicriterial, interdisciplinaria y sustentable, que han contribuido a mejorar el conocimiento del problema y a ofrecer una salida más sostenible al confito señalado.

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    Las ciudades colombianas han vivido un proceso de urbanización de forma acelerada y reciente desde la segunda mitad del siglo XX, explicado en buena medida por las alteas tasas de migración y los elevados crecimientos vegetativos de la población. La ciudad de Cali no ha sido ajena a esta realidad: hay fuertes tendencias hacia la dispersión de la ciudad y la pérdida del centro...

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    Ingeniero Sanitario (1990) y Magister en Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental (1996) de la Universidad del Valle. Candidato a PhD de la Universidad Tecnológica de Delft, Países Bajos.

     

    Se ha desempeñado como coordinador del Grupo de Investigación en Abastecimiento de Agua de Cinara, y coordinador de la Estación de Investigación y Transferencia de Tecnología ubicada en predios de la Planta de Tratamiento de Agua de EMCALI en Puerto Mallarino. En las líneas de investigación de su interés se encuentran: la calidad del agua en redes de distribución, el uso eficiente de agua y el mejoramiento de la calidad del agua.

     

    Profesional con una amplia experiencia en la gestión y coordinación de proyectos nacionales e internacionales sobre el campo del abastecimiento de agua. Entre estos se destacan: Evaluación participativa de 15 sistemas de abastecimiento de agua y saneamiento en Bolivia; Formación y capacitación para la gestión integrada del recurso hídrico en el occidente de Guatemala; Fortalecimiento institucional y desarrollo de proyectos de aprendizaje en equipo (PAE) para el sector de agua y saneamiento en la zona rural de Nicaragua, y Abastecimiento de agua rural en el Valle del Cauca. 

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    Economista de la Universidad del Valle (1984), Magister en Economía del Centro de Investigaciones y Docencia Económica (CIDE) de México (1986). Magister (2004) y PhD (2006) en Ciencias Ambientales con Énfasis en Economía Ecológica y Gestión Ambiental de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB). Pos-Doctor de la Universidad de São Paulo (2013). Vinculado al Instituto Cinara en 1993, forma parte del Grupo de Investigación en Comunidad, Ambiente y Sustentabilidad.

     

    Profesional con una amplia experiencia de trabajo sobre temas de economía ecológica, conflictos ecológicos distributivos, justicia ambiental, sustentabilidad, comercio internacional y medio ambiente, servicios ecosistémicos, agrocombustibles, evaluación de proyectos y gestión de servicios públicos de agua y saneamiento y de los recursos hídricos, entre otros. 

     

    Ha publicado diversos artículos en revistas nacionales e internacionales y cinco libros de importante circulación en el país. Actualmente es el Presidente de la Sociedad Andina de Economía Ecológica (SAEE) y Director del Doctorado Interinstitucional de Ciencias Ambientales de la Universidad del Valle. 

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    Bióloga y MSc en ingeniería Sanitaria y ambiental de la Universidad del Valle. Profesora e investigadora de la misma institución con experiencia de 30 años- actualmente es investigadora asociada al Grupo de Investigaciones entomológicas de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad del Valle y a la Fundación Centro para la investigación en Sistemas sostenibles de Producción agropecuaria CIPAV.

     

    Ha participado en diferentes proyectos en el área de limnología, bioindicación de calidad de agua, taxonomía y ecología de entomofauna acuática y es coautora de varios libros relacionados con estos tópicos y artículos científicos publicados en revistas de circulación nacional e internacional.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Introducción 

     

    Capítulo 1

    Conflictos ambientales: Antecedentes y conceptos
     

    1. ¿Qué son los conflictos ambientales?
       
    2. ¿Por qué se originan los conflictos ambientales? 
       
    3. Perspectiva de la economía ecológica
       
    4. Ecología política y conflictos socio-ambientales 
       
    5. Conflictos ambientales en Colombia
       
    6. Estudios sobre conflictos ambientales en Colombia
       
    7. Síntesis de los principales conflictos ambientales en Colombia

     

    Capítulo 2

    El conflicto: agua para consumo humano vs. Agua para uso recreativo y paisajístico. El caso del río Pance en Cali, Colombia
     

    1. El contexto: 'la ciudad que crece y contamina el agua que consume' 
       
    2. Red hídrica y servicios de agua y saneamiento en la ciudad de Cali 
       
    3. Dinámica urbana de la ciudad de Cali
       
    4. El río Pance: de cómo es patrimonio de los caleño y es la más importante fuente de recreación masiva de la ciudad 
       
    5. Localización y características de la cuenca del río Pance
       
    6. La historia de cómo se convirtió en patrimonio recreativo de los caleños el conflicto: emcali busca con afán fuentes de agua de buena calidad. Los caleños y panceños se convierten en defensores
       
    7. Del último bastión de su reserva paisajística y lúdica 
       
    8. Descripción del proyecto generador del conflicto
       
    9. La respuesta de la comunidad y el proceso desarrollado

     

    Capítulo 3

    Conceptualización y principios guía que orientan el estudio
     

    1. Marco analítico
       
    2. Dimensión que actúan en el conflicto ambiental 
       
    3. La dimensión hídrica y el enfoque de gestión integrada del recurso hídrico (GIRH) 
       
    4. La dimensión ambiental: el enfoque biológico y el enfoque de la preservación del caudal ambiental
       
    5. Dimensión técnica: el enfoque de optimización de la capacidad instalada 
       
    6. La dimensión social y su enfoque
       
    7. La dimensión económica: el enfoque del acb y las decisiones de costo mínimo con externalidades 
       
    8. La dimensión jurídico-legal: el enfoque de no vulneración de derechos y la capacidad de sustitución de provisión de los mismos

     

    Capítulo 4

    Metodología del estudio 

     

    1. Recolección de información existente 
       
    2. Recopilación de la información secundaria 
       
    3. Generación de información primaria
       

    Actividades de investigación desarrolladas en cada fase 
     

    • Fase 1. Análisis empírico/experiencia histórica/antecedentes institucionales. Análisis de calidad del agua de los ríos Meléndez y Cali después de la bocatoma
       
    • Fase 2. Análisis de la información hidrológica 
       
    • Fase 3. Análisis ambiental del río Pance: análisis de información hidro biológica y físico-química 
       
    • Fase 4. Análisis de la información social
       
    • Fase 5. Análisis de la información legal e institucional 
       
    • Fase 6. Análisis de la información técnica 
       
    • Fase 7. Análisis de la información económica 
       
    • Fase 8. Análisis de alternativas 
       
    • Fase 9. Análisis de impactos

     

    Capítulo 5

    Análisis empírico y antecedentes institucionales: la calidad del agua de los ríos Cali y Meléndez luego de ser usados como fuentes de abastecimiento

     

    1. Río Cali
       
    2. Río Meléndez 

     

    Capítulo 6

    Análisis hidrológico

     

    1. Estimación de la oferta hídrica del río Pance 
       
    2. Análisis de lluvias y cálculo de la precipitación 
       
    3. Disponibilidad hídrica 
       
    4. Análisis de eventos extremos
       
    5. Curva de duración de caudales
       
    6. Cálculo del caudal ambiental
       
    7. Relación de las concesiones y caudales del río Pance
       
    8. Análisis de escenarios de extracción de caudal en el río Pance 
    • Escenario 1 - caudal que se captaría: 600 l/s
       
    • Escenario 2 - caudal que se captaría: 300 l/s

     

    Capítulo 7

    Análisis ambiental 
     

    1. Flora terrestre 
       
    2. Fauna terrestre 
       
    3. Mamíferos
       
    4. Aves
       
    5. Evaluación de la calidad físico-química, bacteriológica y ecológica del agua
       
    6. Antecedentes
       
    7. Evaluación de la calidad del agua del río Pance 
       
    8. Realizada por Univalle-Cinara
       
    9. Evaluación de calidad biológica del agua
       
    10. Índices de calidad de agua

     

    Capítulo 8 

    Análisis social

     

    1. Identificación y caracterización de los actores sociales 
       
    2. Presentes en la cuenca del río Pance
       
    3. Actores gubernamentales y ONG
       
    4. Actores pobladores
       
    5. Usuarios y beneficiarios del río Pance
       
    6. Significados del río Pance para los actores sociales

     

    Capítulo 9

    Análisis legal
     

    1. Conflicto de derechos: La realidad constitucional y la viabilidad técnica. Cumplimiento de la normativa relacionada 
       
    2. Con la reducción de pérdidas 
       
    3. Marco municipal de protección ambiental de la zona de Pance 

     

    Capítulo 10 

    Análisis técnico

     

    1. Capacidad del sistema de acueducto de la ciudad de Cali para abastecer la zona de expansión del sur de la ciudad índice de agua no contabilizada (IANC)

     

    Capítulo 11

    Análisis económico

     

    1. Estimación de los beneficios sociales recibidos por comerciantes y vendedores ambulantes
       
    2. Evaluación de los beneficios recreativos de los visitantes medidos en términos monetarios
       
    3. El método del costo de viaje
       
    4. Cálculos en el cambio de bienestar
       
    5. Cuantificación de la inversión estatal y privada en el eco parqué

     

    Capítulo 12

    Análisis de alternativas

     

    1. Alternativas derivadas del análisis técnico
       
    2. Análisis de las alternativas desde el punto de vista de la oferta hídrica 
       
    3. Análisis de alternativas desde el punto de vista ambiental
       
    4. Análisis de alternativas desde el punto de vista financiero, económico-ambiental y social a través de la metodología De análisis costo beneficio (ACB)
       
    5. Balance final de la selección de alternativas

     

    Capítulo 13

    Identificación de impactos 
     

    1. Factores impactantes
       
    2. Impactos
       
    3. Análisis de impactos 
       
    4. Matriz de impactos

     

    Capítulo 14

    Lecciones aprendidas y perspectivas 

     

    1. Lecciones aprendidas
       
    2. En relación con el proyecto de construcción del acueducto de Pance 
       
    3. En relación con los impactos reales
       
    4. Perspectivas

     

    Referencias 

     

    Anexos 

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Introducción 

     

    Capítulo 1

    Conflictos ambientales: Antecedentes y conceptos
     

    1. ¿Qué son los conflictos ambientales?
       
    2. ¿Por qué se originan los conflictos ambientales? 
       
    3. Perspectiva de la economía ecológica
       
    4. Ecología política y conflictos socio-ambientales 
       
    5. Conflictos ambientales en Colombia
       
    6. Estudios sobre conflictos ambientales en Colombia
       
    7. Síntesis de los principales conflictos ambientales en Colombia

     

    Capítulo 2

    El conflicto: agua para consumo humano vs. Agua para uso recreativo y paisajístico. El caso del río Pance en Cali, Colombia
     

    1. El contexto: 'la ciudad que crece y contamina el agua que consume' 
       
    2. Red hídrica y servicios de agua y saneamiento en la ciudad de Cali 
       
    3. Dinámica urbana de la ciudad de Cali
       
    4. El río Pance: de cómo es patrimonio de los caleño y es la más importante fuente de recreación masiva de la ciudad 
       
    5. Localización y características de la cuenca del río Pance
       
    6. La historia de cómo se convirtió en patrimonio recreativo de los caleños el conflicto: emcali busca con afán fuentes de agua de buena calidad. Los caleños y panceños se convierten en defensores
       
    7. Del último bastión de su reserva paisajística y lúdica 
       
    8. Descripción del proyecto generador del conflicto
       
    9. La respuesta de la comunidad y el proceso desarrollado

     

    Capítulo 3

    Conceptualización y principios guía que orientan el estudio
     

    1. Marco analítico
       
    2. Dimensión que actúan en el conflicto ambiental 
       
    3. La dimensión hídrica y el enfoque de gestión integrada del recurso hídrico (GIRH) 
       
    4. La dimensión ambiental: el enfoque biológico y el enfoque de la preservación del caudal ambiental
       
    5. Dimensión técnica: el enfoque de optimización de la capacidad instalada 
       
    6. La dimensión social y su enfoque
       
    7. La dimensión económica: el enfoque del acb y las decisiones de costo mínimo con externalidades 
       
    8. La dimensión jurídico-legal: el enfoque de no vulneración de derechos y la capacidad de sustitución de provisión de los mismos

     

    Capítulo 4

    Metodología del estudio 

     

    1. Recolección de información existente 
       
    2. Recopilación de la información secundaria 
       
    3. Generación de información primaria
       

    Actividades de investigación desarrolladas en cada fase 
     

    • Fase 1. Análisis empírico/experiencia histórica/antecedentes institucionales. Análisis de calidad del agua de los ríos Meléndez y Cali después de la bocatoma
       
    • Fase 2. Análisis de la información hidrológica 
       
    • Fase 3. Análisis ambiental del río Pance: análisis de información hidro biológica y físico-química 
       
    • Fase 4. Análisis de la información social
       
    • Fase 5. Análisis de la información legal e institucional 
       
    • Fase 6. Análisis de la información técnica 
       
    • Fase 7. Análisis de la información económica 
       
    • Fase 8. Análisis de alternativas 
       
    • Fase 9. Análisis de impactos

     

    Capítulo 5

    Análisis empírico y antecedentes institucionales: la calidad del agua de los ríos Cali y Meléndez luego de ser usados como fuentes de abastecimiento

     

    1. Río Cali
       
    2. Río Meléndez 

     

    Capítulo 6

    Análisis hidrológico

     

    1. Estimación de la oferta hídrica del río Pance 
       
    2. Análisis de lluvias y cálculo de la precipitación 
       
    3. Disponibilidad hídrica 
       
    4. Análisis de eventos extremos
       
    5. Curva de duración de caudales
       
    6. Cálculo del caudal ambiental
       
    7. Relación de las concesiones y caudales del río Pance
       
    8. Análisis de escenarios de extracción de caudal en el río Pance 
    • Escenario 1 - caudal que se captaría: 600 l/s
       
    • Escenario 2 - caudal que se captaría: 300 l/s

     

    Capítulo 7

    Análisis ambiental 
     

    1. Flora terrestre 
       
    2. Fauna terrestre 
       
    3. Mamíferos
       
    4. Aves
       
    5. Evaluación de la calidad físico-química, bacteriológica y ecológica del agua
       
    6. Antecedentes
       
    7. Evaluación de la calidad del agua del río Pance 
       
    8. Realizada por Univalle-Cinara
       
    9. Evaluación de calidad biológica del agua
       
    10. Índices de calidad de agua

     

    Capítulo 8 

    Análisis social

     

    1. Identificación y caracterización de los actores sociales 
       
    2. Presentes en la cuenca del río Pance
       
    3. Actores gubernamentales y ONG
       
    4. Actores pobladores
       
    5. Usuarios y beneficiarios del río Pance
       
    6. Significados del río Pance para los actores sociales

     

    Capítulo 9

    Análisis legal
     

    1. Conflicto de derechos: La realidad constitucional y la viabilidad técnica. Cumplimiento de la normativa relacionada 
       
    2. Con la reducción de pérdidas 
       
    3. Marco municipal de protección ambiental de la zona de Pance 

     

    Capítulo 10 

    Análisis técnico

     

    1. Capacidad del sistema de acueducto de la ciudad de Cali para abastecer la zona de expansión del sur de la ciudad índice de agua no contabilizada (IANC)

     

    Capítulo 11

    Análisis económico

     

    1. Estimación de los beneficios sociales recibidos por comerciantes y vendedores ambulantes
       
    2. Evaluación de los beneficios recreativos de los visitantes medidos en términos monetarios
       
    3. El método del costo de viaje
       
    4. Cálculos en el cambio de bienestar
       
    5. Cuantificación de la inversión estatal y privada en el eco parqué

     

    Capítulo 12

    Análisis de alternativas

     

    1. Alternativas derivadas del análisis técnico
       
    2. Análisis de las alternativas desde el punto de vista de la oferta hídrica 
       
    3. Análisis de alternativas desde el punto de vista ambiental
       
    4. Análisis de alternativas desde el punto de vista financiero, económico-ambiental y social a través de la metodología De análisis costo beneficio (ACB)
       
    5. Balance final de la selección de alternativas

     

    Capítulo 13

    Identificación de impactos 
     

    1. Factores impactantes
       
    2. Impactos
       
    3. Análisis de impactos 
       
    4. Matriz de impactos

     

    Capítulo 14

    Lecciones aprendidas y perspectivas 

     

    1. Lecciones aprendidas
       
    2. En relación con el proyecto de construcción del acueducto de Pance 
       
    3. En relación con los impactos reales
       
    4. Perspectivas

     

    Referencias 

     

    Anexos 

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    Este libro recoge, desde los conceptos básicos técnicos, científicos y metodológicos, hasta importantes experiencias prácticas, realizadas en el Suroccidente colombiano y en Costa Rica, de determinación de la cantidad de agua apropiada que se debe dejar en un curso de agua para que las condiciones ambientales, la flora y fauna del cuerpo de agua y fondos no se vea afectada.

     

    De manera revolucionaria y poco frecuente, este libro reúne interdisciplinariamente, las visiones de autores de diferentes ramas del saber: la ingeniería con el establecimiento de métodos precisos de determinación de las cantidades de agua; la biología que establece las condiciones ambientales de los ríos y la relación que estas condiciones tienen sobre la fauna y flora acuática; la economía y la sociología que muestran la visión de la importancia de valorar el agua como un bien social y económico; el derecho con un marco legal que muestra cómo los hallazgos técnicos se convierten en instrumentos legales que permiten hacer cumplir los principios básicos del manejo apropiado del agua. Finalmente, reúne las experiencias prácticas de personas que han estado directamente involucradas en trabajos de campo y laboratorio para establecer los regímenes de caudales para ríos de diferentes lugares.

     

    Este libro es una importante herramienta para todos aquellos que están relacionados y trabajan cotidianamente en el estudio, conservación y gestión de os recursos hídricos en Colombia.

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    Biólogo de la Universidad del Valle, con un Doctorado (Ph.D) en oceanología de la Universite D´Aix- Marseille II, de Francia, y un Posdoctorado en el Centro de Oceanología y la Estación Marina de Endoume de Marsella, Francia. Es Profesor Emérito de la Universidad del Valle desde 1992 y miembro fundador de la sección de Biología Marina; cuenta con 25 publicaciones internacionales y 42 nacionales.

     

    Ha publicado 15 libros completos y 17 capítulos de libros; ha presentado trabajos en 55 eventos nacionales y 18 internacionales. Ha dirigido 5 tesis de doctorado, 4 de maestría y 17 trabajos de pregrado, Actualmente es Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Exactas de la Universidad del Valle.

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    Profesor Asociado Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. Ingeniero Agrícola de la Universidad del Ingeniero, Magíster en Suelos y Aguas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Magíster en Hidrología Aplicada y doctor en Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente y doctor en Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia.

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    Es Ingeniera Civil de la Universidad del Cauca, recibió el M.Sc en Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental en la Universidad del Valle y el Ph.D. en Ciencias de la Ingeniería en la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. La ingeniera ha trabajado como investigadora en proyectos financiados por concurso público y privado con instituciones como Colciencias (Colombia), la Universidad del Valle (Colombia), CONICYT, Endesa-Chile, Starlab-España y la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. El desarrollo de estas actividades le ha permitido realizar publicaciones científicas en revistas ISI y brindar presentaciones en eventos de carácter nacional e internacional.

     

    Actualmente, colabora activamente en el Centro Nacional de Investigación para la Gestión Integrada de Desastres Naturales, y es investigadora senior del proyecto 'Desarrollo de un sistema integrado para el pronóstico de caudales en cuencas de montaña para la operación de centrales hidroeléctricas', el cual es financiado por el Fondo de Fomento al Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, Fondef-Conicyt, y desarrollado por la Universidad Católica de Chile.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Prólogo

     

    Capítulo 1

    Régimen de caudal ambiental en el marco de la gestión integrada del recurso hídrico

     

    Capítulo 2

    La cuenca hidrográfica

     

    Capítulo 3

    Marco jurídico y tendencias en las políticas ambientales para el establecimiento de los caudales ambientales

     

    Capítulo 4

    Morfología fluvial y régimen natural de caudales

     

    Capítulo 5

    Metodologías para determinar el caudal ambiental

     

    Capítulo 6

    Calidad de las aguas naturales en relación con el régimen de caudal ambiental

     

    Capítulo 7

    Bioindicadores de calidad de agua y caudal ambiental

     

    Capítulo 8

    El régimen de caudal y su influencia en la dinámica de las comunidades del perifitón

     

    Capítulo 9

    Relaciones sociales y asignación de caudales de agua

     

    Capítulo 10

    Una mirada integral a los regímenes de caudales ambientales

     

    Capítulo 11

    Casos de estudio en la determinación del régimen de caudal ambiental

    • Caso 1: Determinación preliminar del caudal ambiental en el río Tempisque, Costa Rica
    • Caso 2: Determinación de las características e interrelaciones de los componentes del caudal eco lógico para el río Quindío en el tramo BoquíaPuente Balboa
    • Caso 3: Bioindicadores de calidad de agua y caudal ambiental: caso del río Meléndez (Valle del Cauca, Colombia)
    • Caso 4: Determinación de los caudales ecológicos para el normal desarrollo de la biota acuática, en las cuencas media y baja de los ríos Timba, Claro, Amaime, Tuluá y Pescador, en el departamento del Valle del Cauca
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    CONTENIDO

     

    Prólogo

     

    Capítulo 1

    Régimen de caudal ambiental en el marco de la gestión integrada del recurso hídrico

     

    Capítulo 2

    La cuenca hidrográfica

     

    Capítulo 3

    Marco jurídico y tendencias en las políticas ambientales para el establecimiento de los caudales ambientales

     

    Capítulo 4

    Morfología fluvial y régimen natural de caudales

     

    Capítulo 5

    Metodologías para determinar el caudal ambiental

     

    Capítulo 6

    Calidad de las aguas naturales en relación con el régimen de caudal ambiental

     

    Capítulo 7

    Bioindicadores de calidad de agua y caudal ambiental

     

    Capítulo 8

    El régimen de caudal y su influencia en la dinámica de las comunidades del perifitón

     

    Capítulo 9

    Relaciones sociales y asignación de caudales de agua

     

    Capítulo 10

    Una mirada integral a los regímenes de caudales ambientales

     

    Capítulo 11

    Casos de estudio en la determinación del régimen de caudal ambiental

    • Caso 1: Determinación preliminar del caudal ambiental en el río Tempisque, Costa Rica
    • Caso 2: Determinación de las características e interrelaciones de los componentes del caudal eco lógico para el río Quindío en el tramo BoquíaPuente Balboa
    • Caso 3: Bioindicadores de calidad de agua y caudal ambiental: caso del río Meléndez (Valle del Cauca, Colombia)
    • Caso 4: Determinación de los caudales ecológicos para el normal desarrollo de la biota acuática, en las cuencas media y baja de los ríos Timba, Claro, Amaime, Tuluá y Pescador, en el departamento del Valle del Cauca
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    Precio de venta con descuento:
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    Isla Gorgona. Paraíso de biodiversidad y ciencia | Autor: Alan Giraldo López

    Isbn: 978-958-670-988-0 | Año: 2012 | Páginas: 224
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    La isla Gorgona, en el Pacífico colombiano, es reconocida nacional e internacionalmente como un sitio único que alberga una amplia variedad de fauna y flora, enmarcada en un paisaje que conjuga el ambiente marino y terrestre de una manera particular. Esta riqueza natural ha servido de base para la edición de un gran número de libros y publicaciones con diferentes enfoques y alcances, sin embargo aún quedan historias por contar.

     

    'Isla Gorgona: paraíso de biodiversidad y ciencia' es un libro que pretende, sin alejarse de la rigurosidad técnica propia de los procesos de investigación, constituirse en un documento de divulgación y consulta general. Cada una de las unidades temáticas que conforman este libro es el resultado de un intenso y extenso esfuerzo de muestreo adelantado por equipos de trabajo altamente capacitados en cada una de las especialidades abordadas.

     

    El estilo de redaccioón y el abundante material gráfico que se incorporó hacen que este documento sea accesible para lectores cauales, sin dejar de ser un documento de obligada consulta para los tomadores de decisiones y material de soporte bibliográfico para biólogos, ecólogos y administradores ambientales. 

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    La isla Gorgona, en el Pacífico colombiano, es reconocida nacional e internacionalmente como un sitio único que alberga una amplia variedad de fauna y flora, enmarcada en un paisaje que conjuga el ambiente marino y terrestre de una manera particular. Esta riqueza natural ha servido de base para la edición de un gran número de libros y publicaciones con diferentes enfoques y...

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    Desarrolló estudios de Biología en la Universidad del Valle en donde recibió el título profesional de Biólogo. Realizo estudios de postgrado en la Universidad de Concepción, Concepción – Chile, recibiendo el título académico de Doctor en Oceanografía, en el año 2002. Realizo una estancia postdoctoral en el Centro de Investigación Científica y Educación Superior de Ensenada – CICESE, en Ensenada, México.

     

    Es profesor del Departamento de Biología de la Universidad del Valle, en donde dirige el grupo de investigación en Ecología Animal y el grupo de investigación en Ciencias Oceanográficas.  

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    Desarrolló estudios de Biología en la Universidad del Valle en donde recibió el título profesional de Biólogo. Realizo estudios de postgrado en el Centro de Investigación Científica y Educación Superior de Ensenada – CICESE, en Ensenada, México, recibiendo el título académico de Maestro en Ciencias en Ecología Marina, en el 2010.

     

    Actualmente es investigadora asociado a los grupos de investigación en Ecología Animal y el grupo de investigación en Ciencias Oceanográficas, del Departamento de Biología de la Universidad del Valle.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación
    Alan Giraldo

     

    Capítulo 1

    Geomorfología e hidroclimatología de isla Gorgona

    Alan Giraldo

     

    EL AMBIENTE MARINO  

     

    Capítulo 2

    Columna de agua del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Alan Giraldo, Bellineth Valencia, Juan David Acevedo y Marisol Rivera

    Capítulo 3
    Las formaciones coralinas del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    María del Mar Palacios, Fernando A. Zapata, Enrique J. Peña y Mónica Murillo

    Capítulo 4
    Ecosistemas rocosos intermareales del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona

    Edgardo Londoño Cruz, Jaime Cantera Kintz, Efraín Rubio Rincón, David Herrera Paz, Pablo Jiménez Tello, Luz Ángela López de Mesa, Gustavo Ramírez Martínez, Fatnori Arias, Luis Miguel Cuéllar, Angélica Prado y Ximena Moreno Gutiérrez

    Capítulo 5

    Macrofauna asociada a los ambientes submareales rocosos Y blandos del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Alan Giraldo, Edgardo Londoño Cruz, Bellineth Valencia, Leonardo Herrera y Luis Miguel Cuéllar

    Capítulo 6
    Tiburones y rayas del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Luz Marina Mejía Ladino, Andrés F. Navia, Paola A. Mejía Falla y Rafael Lozano

     

    EL AMBIENTE TERRESTRE

    Capítulo 7

    La vegetación en el Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Ana Isabel Vásquez Vélez, Lorena Cortés Ceballos, Víctor Eduardo Calero Rosales, Edier Soto y Alba Marina Torres

    Capítulo 8

    Artropofauna del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Ranulfo González, Inge Armbrecht, James Montoya Lerma, Nancy Carrejo, María del Carmen Zúñiga, Patricia Chacón, Carmen Elisa Posso, Diana Torres, Humberto Calero, Julián Mendivil, Marcela González, Stephany Valdés, Fabio Sarria y William Cardona

    Capítulo 9

    Vertebrados del ambiente terrestre del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Anyelet Valencia Aguilar, Fernando Castro Herrera, Diego Fernando Villaquirán, Oscar E. Murillo García, M. Juliana Bedoya Durán, Pamela Carvajal, Milena Astorquiza, Mario F. Garcés Restrepo, Ana Paola Yusti Muñoz, Jorge H. Velandia Perilla, Manuel Sánchez y Alan Giraldo.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación
    Alan Giraldo

     

    Capítulo 1

    Geomorfología e hidroclimatología de isla Gorgona

    Alan Giraldo

     

    EL AMBIENTE MARINO  

     

    Capítulo 2

    Columna de agua del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Alan Giraldo, Bellineth Valencia, Juan David Acevedo y Marisol Rivera

    Capítulo 3
    Las formaciones coralinas del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    María del Mar Palacios, Fernando A. Zapata, Enrique J. Peña y Mónica Murillo

    Capítulo 4
    Ecosistemas rocosos intermareales del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona

    Edgardo Londoño Cruz, Jaime Cantera Kintz, Efraín Rubio Rincón, David Herrera Paz, Pablo Jiménez Tello, Luz Ángela López de Mesa, Gustavo Ramírez Martínez, Fatnori Arias, Luis Miguel Cuéllar, Angélica Prado y Ximena Moreno Gutiérrez

    Capítulo 5

    Macrofauna asociada a los ambientes submareales rocosos Y blandos del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Alan Giraldo, Edgardo Londoño Cruz, Bellineth Valencia, Leonardo Herrera y Luis Miguel Cuéllar

    Capítulo 6
    Tiburones y rayas del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Luz Marina Mejía Ladino, Andrés F. Navia, Paola A. Mejía Falla y Rafael Lozano

     

    EL AMBIENTE TERRESTRE

    Capítulo 7

    La vegetación en el Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Ana Isabel Vásquez Vélez, Lorena Cortés Ceballos, Víctor Eduardo Calero Rosales, Edier Soto y Alba Marina Torres

    Capítulo 8

    Artropofauna del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Ranulfo González, Inge Armbrecht, James Montoya Lerma, Nancy Carrejo, María del Carmen Zúñiga, Patricia Chacón, Carmen Elisa Posso, Diana Torres, Humberto Calero, Julián Mendivil, Marcela González, Stephany Valdés, Fabio Sarria y William Cardona

    Capítulo 9

    Vertebrados del ambiente terrestre del Parque Nacional Natural Gorgona
    Anyelet Valencia Aguilar, Fernando Castro Herrera, Diego Fernando Villaquirán, Oscar E. Murillo García, M. Juliana Bedoya Durán, Pamela Carvajal, Milena Astorquiza, Mario F. Garcés Restrepo, Ana Paola Yusti Muñoz, Jorge H. Velandia Perilla, Manuel Sánchez y Alan Giraldo.

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    Precio de venta con descuento:
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    Precio
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    Precio / kg:

    Extractivismo minero en Colombia y América Latina | Autor: Barbara Göbel

    Isbn: 978-958-775-085-0 | Año: 2017 | Páginas: 515
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    Cómo, por qué y para quién extraer los recursos del subsuelo son preguntas-ejes de debates de suma importancia para casi toda América Latina y por ende para Colombia, cuyo Plan Nacional de Desarrollo ha priorizado la gran minería como motor del desarrollo, mientras otros grupos sociales preguntan qué tipo de desarrollo, para quién, a qué costo. Las respuestas son difíciles, pues así como la extracción de los recursos naturales puede desarticular proyectos territoriales de grupos minoritarios y excluidos, a la vez puede generar importantes recursos fiscales para sustentar programas sociales dirigidos a grupos excluidos y carentes de activos.

     

    En tal contexto, y con una perspectiva optimista, este libro es relevantes, pues ubica el caso de Colombia en el ámbito regional, permitiendo una lectura comparada de los procesos en curso y combinando interpretaciones teóricas con estudios basados en arduos trabajos de campo, así como las interpretaciones de investigadores de la nueva generación, todos comprometidos con la idea de que la investigación socioecológica puede ser indispensable para ir creando una Colombia y una América Latina mejores.

     

    Mensajes significativos conforman la obra, pero quizá lo más llamativo es la noción de que muestra en sus capítulos: entre lo social, lo económico, lo político y lo simbólico, entre escalas de análisis y acción, entre los países de la región, entre la región y otros países del mundo, y entre lo ambiental y lo social. La conclusión es clara: la problemática de la extracción no se presta a análisis ni a respuesta políticas simplistas. Nuestras lecturas propuestas deben ser muy matizadas y bien pensadas. El libro nos da un modelo para seguir este cambio.

     

    Anthony Bebbington

    Clark University, EE.UU.

    University of Manchester, United Kingdom

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    Cómo, por qué y para quién extraer los recursos del subsuelo son preguntas-ejes de debates de suma importancia para casi toda América Latina y por ende para Colombia, cuyo Plan Nacional de Desarrollo ha priorizado la gran minería como motor del desarrollo, mientras otros grupos sociales preguntan qué tipo de desarrollo, para quién, a qué costo. Las respuestas son...

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    Etnóloga y Directora del Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut (Instituto Ibero-Americano) de la fundación Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin.


    Fue Directora Ejecutiva de la red internacional de investigación Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP, coordinado por ICSU, ISSC, UNU) en Bonn, como también Científica Invitada en la Collège de France, y Profesora Invitada en varias universidades de Argentina, Chile, Perú y Bolivia.

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    Profesora titular del Departamento de Geografía de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Investigadora red desiguALdades, dimensión socio-ecológica. Coordinadora grupo de investigación Cultura y Ambiente.

     

    Antropóloga de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (1989), con tesis Laureada. Maestría (1999) y doctorado (2003) en antropología de la Universidad de California, Irvine. Ganadora en 1997 del Premio Nacional Alejandro Ángel Escobar en Ciencias en Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible.  Trabajó como investigadora del Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia de 1992 a 2006. 

     

    Líneas de investigación:
     

    • Movimientos indígenas
    • Autonomía indígena
    • Desarrollos locales
    • Género
    • Cambio climático
    • Territorialidad
    • Extractivismo
    • Antropología del medio ambiente.
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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación

     

    Colombia y el extractivismo en América Latina

    Barbara Göbel y Astrid Ulloa

     

    PERÚ, BOLIVIA, CHILE Y ARGENTINA: REFLEXIONES SOBRE TERRITORIOS INDÍGENAS Y ÁREAS RURALES Y SUS ARTICULACIONES LOCALES-REGIONALES-GLOBALES

     

     

    El modelo extractivo peruano: discursos, políticas y la reproducción de desigualdades sociales

    Gerardo Damonte

     

    Comunidades aymaras y la gran minería. Una mirada a los argumentos detrás del conflicto socioambiental en Puno. Perú

    María Luisa Eschenhagen Y Héctor Baca

     

    Participación y poder: la consulta previa y sus descontentos en el sector minero de Bolivia

    Tom Perreault

     

    Litio y desigualdades de conocimiento en Bolivia

    Juliana Strobele-Gregor

     

    La minería de litio en Atacama: disputas sociales alrededor de un nuevo mineral estratégico

    Barbara Göbel

     

     

    COLOMBIA: MINERÍA EN TERRITORIOS DE PUEBLOS INDÍGENAS Y CAMPESINOS

     

     

    ¿Coltán? ¿La respuesta es Colombia? La construcción social de un nuevo recurso mineral en tiempos de desigualdad neoliberal

    Jhonnatan Fernando López Vega

     

    Minería en el Norte del Cauca Indígena. Prácticas territoriales y transformaciones socioespaciales en los resguardos indígenas nasa del municipio de Santander de Quilichao, Cauca, Colombia

    Catalina Caro Galvis

     

    Hacia un territorio minero-campesino: propuestas territoriales desde el movimiento socioterritorial en el nordeste de Antioquia, Colombia

    Catalina Quiroga

     

    Una historia y una vida alrededor del oro: territorialidad Y minería en el municipio de Vetas, Santander, Colombia

    Emerson A. Buitrago

     

    El conflicto por la producción del territorio en el caso del proyecto minero La Colosa, Tolima, Colombia

    Diana Patricia Sánchez García

     

     

    APORTES GENERALES PARA EL ANÁLISIS DEL EXTRACTIVISMO MINERO EN AMÉRICA LATINA

     

     

    Conflictos socioambientales de la minería del oro y el rol del modelo económico dominante en América Latina

    Ignacio Gómez Montes y María Luisa Eschenhagen

     

    Geopolíticas del desarrollo y la confrontación extractivista minera: elementos para el análisis en territorios indígenas en América Latina

    Astrid Ulloa

     

    ¿Nuevas reglas de juego para el extractivismo? El papel de las iniciativas internacionales de transparencia y control para las industrias extractivas

    Heidi Feldt

     

    Acerca de las autoras y los autores

     

    Índice de materias

     

    Índice de lugares

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Presentación

     

    Colombia y el extractivismo en América Latina

    Barbara Göbel y Astrid Ulloa

     

    PERÚ, BOLIVIA, CHILE Y ARGENTINA: REFLEXIONES SOBRE TERRITORIOS INDÍGENAS Y ÁREAS RURALES Y SUS ARTICULACIONES LOCALES-REGIONALES-GLOBALES

     

     

    El modelo extractivo peruano: discursos, políticas y la reproducción de desigualdades sociales

    Gerardo Damonte

     

    Comunidades aymaras y la gran minería. Una mirada a los argumentos detrás del conflicto socioambiental en Puno. Perú

    María Luisa Eschenhagen Y Héctor Baca

     

    Participación y poder: la consulta previa y sus descontentos en el sector minero de Bolivia

    Tom Perreault

     

    Litio y desigualdades de conocimiento en Bolivia

    Juliana Strobele-Gregor

     

    La minería de litio en Atacama: disputas sociales alrededor de un nuevo mineral estratégico

    Barbara Göbel

     

     

    COLOMBIA: MINERÍA EN TERRITORIOS DE PUEBLOS INDÍGENAS Y CAMPESINOS

     

     

    ¿Coltán? ¿La respuesta es Colombia? La construcción social de un nuevo recurso mineral en tiempos de desigualdad neoliberal

    Jhonnatan Fernando López Vega

     

    Minería en el Norte del Cauca Indígena. Prácticas territoriales y transformaciones socioespaciales en los resguardos indígenas nasa del municipio de Santander de Quilichao, Cauca, Colombia

    Catalina Caro Galvis

     

    Hacia un territorio minero-campesino: propuestas territoriales desde el movimiento socioterritorial en el nordeste de Antioquia, Colombia

    Catalina Quiroga

     

    Una historia y una vida alrededor del oro: territorialidad Y minería en el municipio de Vetas, Santander, Colombia

    Emerson A. Buitrago

     

    El conflicto por la producción del territorio en el caso del proyecto minero La Colosa, Tolima, Colombia

    Diana Patricia Sánchez García

     

     

    APORTES GENERALES PARA EL ANÁLISIS DEL EXTRACTIVISMO MINERO EN AMÉRICA LATINA

     

     

    Conflictos socioambientales de la minería del oro y el rol del modelo económico dominante en América Latina

    Ignacio Gómez Montes y María Luisa Eschenhagen

     

    Geopolíticas del desarrollo y la confrontación extractivista minera: elementos para el análisis en territorios indígenas en América Latina

    Astrid Ulloa

     

    ¿Nuevas reglas de juego para el extractivismo? El papel de las iniciativas internacionales de transparencia y control para las industrias extractivas

    Heidi Feldt

     

    Acerca de las autoras y los autores

     

    Índice de materias

     

    Índice de lugares

    ) ) ) )
    Precio de venta con descuento:
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    El Grupo de Investigación en Gestión Ambiental Territorial de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, presenta este trabajo resultado de investigación, que ha sido elaborado a partir de un esfuerzo colectivo de síntesis e integración temática alrededor de los efectos de la variabilidad y el cambio climático en el entorno urbano. En consecuencia, fue necesario dilucidar y ensanchar el sistema objeto de estudio para abordar la complejidad intrínseca del sistema urbano y generar diferentes propuestas que pueden ser abordadas de manera integral o individual desde una enfoque territorial e institucional. 

     

    El libro en sus manos propone escalas territoriales para la comprensión y el abordaje de la vulnerabilidad ambiental, ante manifestaciones relacionadas con la variabilidad y el cambio climático en contextos urbanos, como respuesta a las limitaciones técnicas y presupuestales de las administraciones municipales. Siguiendo esta lógica, se plantea un diálogo entre los diferentes enfoques utilizados para la articulación de conceptos relacionados con la gestión del riesgo y el cambio climático, evidenciado su necesaria complementariedad y pertinencias. En el texto, se ofrecen herramientas para la aplicación de las reflexiones descritas en diferentes instrumentos de planificación y gestión, aportando elementos para la evaluación y la toma de decisiones. 

     

    Finalmente, se identifican algunos desafíos y retos emergentes, que a escala territorial conllevan a la necesaria adopción de otros enfoques, donde la complejidad y la capacidad para la predicción de los efectos derivados del cambio climático, tienen como punto de partida la dificultad de percibir y comprender la problemática. 

     

     

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    El Grupo de Investigación en Gestión Ambiental Territorial de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, presenta este trabajo resultado de investigación, que ha sido elaborado a partir de un esfuerzo colectivo de síntesis e integración temática alrededor de los efectos de la variabilidad y el cambio climático en el entorno urbano. En consecuencia, fue necesario dilucidar y...

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    Doctorado en Ciencias Ambientales, Magíster en Desarrollo Sustentable, con especialización en Pedagogía Y Desarrollo Humano y en Planeación Territorial y Gestión de Proyectos

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    Doctor en Ciencia y Tecnología Ambientales de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Magíster en Investigación Operativa y Estadística y Administrador Ambiental de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira.

     

    Docente titular de la Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Pertenece al grupo de investigación en Gestión Ambiental Territoria.

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Introducción 

     

    1. Reflexiones generales

     

    1.1 Introducción 

     

    1.2 Concepto de amenaza 

     

    1.3 El concepto de vulnerabilidad

    • Evolución del concepto 
    • La vulnerabilidad desde el cambio climático 
    • Componentes de la vulnerabilidad desde cambio climático

     

    1.4 La gestión del cambio climático como enfoque de desarrollo 

     

    1.5 Aspectos de ordenamiento territorial en la gestión de la variabilidad y el cambio climático 

     

    1.6 Referencias 

     

    2. Conocimiento del riesgo frente al cambio climático desde una perspectiva histórica del desastre en Pereira

     

    2.1 Introducción 

     

    2.2 Aspectos metodológicos

     

    2.3 Resultados 

    • Avenidas torrenciales
    • Inundaciones 
    • Vendavales 
    • Deslizamientos 

     

    2.4 Discusión 

     

    2.5 Conclusiones

     

    2.6 Referencias

     

    3.Incidencia de la variabilidad y cambio climático sobre aspectos de ordenamiento territorial en municipios del paisaje cultural cafetero

     

    3.1 Introducción 

     

    3.2 Eventos y afectaciones por la variabilidad y cambio climático en los municipios del PCC 

    • Departamento de Caldas
    • Departamento del Quindío
    • Departamento de Risaralda
    • Departamento del Valle del Cauca 

     

    3.3 Efectos de la variabilidad y cambio climático en los atributos del PCC

     

    3.4 Sensibilidad de los atributos del PCC ante los eventos de variabilidad y cambio climático 

     

    3.5 Aspectos de ordenamiento territorial que abordan los efectos del cambio climático en el paisaje cultural cafetero 

     

    3.6 Conclusión 

     

    3.7 Bibliografía 

     

    4. Incorporación de la gestión del cambio climático en los planes de desarrollo territorial mediante el uso del software 'klimaterratorium'

     

    4.1 Introducción 

     

    4.2 Aspectos metodológicos 

     

    4.3 Gestión del cambio climático en los planes de desarrollo de la ecorregión eje cafetero 

     

    4.4 Modelo conceptual para la gestión del cambio climático

    • Capacidades para la gestión del cambio climático
    • Desarrollo y transferencia de tecnologías apropiadas para la gestión del cambio climático 
    • Gestión del riesgo asociado a la variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Conservación de ecosistemas y áreas de interés ambiental estratégicos o vulnerables frente a la variabilidad y cambio climático 
    • Gestión del recurso hídrico frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático 
    • Salud pública frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Seguridad alimentaria frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Economía y sistemas productivos frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Reducción de emisiones para la mitigación del cambio climático

     

    4.5 Software 'klimaterratorium' 

    • Módulo de caracterización general 
    • Módulo de caracterización de la disponibilidad de información
    • Módulo de caracterización de la gobernanza 
    • Módulo de prioridades temáticas 
    • Módulo de recomendaciones finales 

     

    4.6 Conclusiones 

     

    4.7 Bibliografía seleccionada 

     

    5. Análisis situacional y propuesta para la gestión interinstitucional en torno a la variabilidad y cambio climático en Pereira 

     

    5.1 Introducción 

     

    5.2 Tendencia de la información institucional desde el orden nacional al local

     

    5.3 Principios y funciones de los agentes institucionales locales 

    • Instituciones públicas
    • Instituciones académicas 

     

    5.4 Alianzas institucionales para la generación de planes y proyectos

     

    5.5 Información institucional en función de la adaptación y mitigación ante la variabilidad y cambio climático 

     

    5.6 Vacíos y potencialidades presentes en la información institucional

     

    5.7 Construcción del protocolo interinstitucional para la gestión y el conocimiento de la información 

    • Análisis de la información obtenida por parte de las instituciones
    • Plataforma para la gestión de la información institucional 
    • Lineamientos generales de la 'plataforma de gestión de la información interinstitucional' 

     

    5.8 Conclusiones 

     

    5.9 Referencias 

     

    6. Escenario de riesgo climático en el contexto local del sistema urbano del municipio de Pereira-Colombia 

     

    6.1 Introducción 

     

    6.2 Metodología 

     

    6.3 Escenarios de cambio climático 

     

    6.4 Efectos del cambio climático sobre el área urbana de Pereira

     

    6.5 Conclusión 

     

    6.6 Bibliografía 

     

    7. Reducción de la vulnerabilidad climática desde la gestión ambiental de sistemas urbanos en el área metropolitana centro occidente de Colombia

     

    7.1 Introducción 

     

    7.2 Epistemes 

     

    7.3 Actores 

     

    7.4 Procesos de gestión ambiental para la reducción de la vulnerabilidad de sus sistemas estructurantes al cambio climático 

     

    7.5 Conclusiones 

     

    7.6 Bibliografía 

     

    8. Desplazamiento humano y cambio climático. Una aproximación al estado del arte para la comprensión de los modelos de ocupación territorial adaptativos 

     

    8.1 Introducción 

     

    8.2 Proyecciones sobre el cambio climático en Colombia 

     

    8.3 Relación cambio climático, variabilidad climática y riesgo 

     

    8.4 Desplazamiento y migraciones humanas como respuesta adaptativa al cambio climático 

     

    8.5 Conclusiones 

     

    8.6 Referencias 

     

    9. Atributos ambientales para la evaluación de la vulnerabilidad frente a variabilidad y cambio climático en interfases rur-urbanas -caso de estudio: corregimiento de Cerritos, Pereira, Colombia-

     

    9.1 Introducción 

     

    9.2 Metodología 

     

    9.3 Marco conceptual y analítico de los conceptos relacionados con la gestión del riesgo en el marco de la variabilidad y el cambio climático

    • Riesgo 
    • Amenaza 
    • Vulnerabilidad 
    • Variabilidad y Cambio Climático 
    • Interfases rururbanas 

     

    9.4 Caracterización de la interfase rur-urbana

    • Generalidades y localización 9.4.2 Procesos de ocupación 
    • Clima 
    • Proyecciones climáticas
    • Análisis de las amenazas 
    • Amenazas asociadas a variabilidad climática 
    • Amenazas asociadas a cambio climático 

     

    9.5 Propuesta y aplicación del modelo de estimación de la vulnerabilidad

    • Factores naturales de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores socioeconómicos de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores técnicos de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores institucionales de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores coyunturales de la vulnerabilidad 

     

    9.6 Síntesis de los resultados de la valoración de la vulnerabilidad

     

    9.7 Lineamientos de gestión ambiental local para la reducción de la vulnerabilidad en la interfase rur-urbana frente a los efectos relacionados con variabilidad y cambio climático

    • Lineamiento 1: la adaptación al cambio climático como estrategia para la reducción de la pobreza, y el aumento de la calidad de vida. 
    • Lineamiento 2: la reglamentación sostenible de los relictos de bosque, los usos del suelo y las actividades productivas.
    • Lineamiento 3: conocimiento del contexto del territorio frente a las amenazas relacionadas con variabilidad y cambio climático. 
    • Lineamiento 4: el aprovechamiento sostenible del recurso hídrico e implementación de sistemas alternativos de generación de energía limpia. 

     

    9.8 Conclusiones 

     

    9.9 Bibliografía

     

    Índice de tablas

     

    Índice de figuras  

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    CONTENIDO

     

    Introducción 

     

    1. Reflexiones generales

     

    1.1 Introducción 

     

    1.2 Concepto de amenaza 

     

    1.3 El concepto de vulnerabilidad

    • Evolución del concepto 
    • La vulnerabilidad desde el cambio climático 
    • Componentes de la vulnerabilidad desde cambio climático

     

    1.4 La gestión del cambio climático como enfoque de desarrollo 

     

    1.5 Aspectos de ordenamiento territorial en la gestión de la variabilidad y el cambio climático 

     

    1.6 Referencias 

     

    2. Conocimiento del riesgo frente al cambio climático desde una perspectiva histórica del desastre en Pereira

     

    2.1 Introducción 

     

    2.2 Aspectos metodológicos

     

    2.3 Resultados 

    • Avenidas torrenciales
    • Inundaciones 
    • Vendavales 
    • Deslizamientos 

     

    2.4 Discusión 

     

    2.5 Conclusiones

     

    2.6 Referencias

     

    3.Incidencia de la variabilidad y cambio climático sobre aspectos de ordenamiento territorial en municipios del paisaje cultural cafetero

     

    3.1 Introducción 

     

    3.2 Eventos y afectaciones por la variabilidad y cambio climático en los municipios del PCC 

    • Departamento de Caldas
    • Departamento del Quindío
    • Departamento de Risaralda
    • Departamento del Valle del Cauca 

     

    3.3 Efectos de la variabilidad y cambio climático en los atributos del PCC

     

    3.4 Sensibilidad de los atributos del PCC ante los eventos de variabilidad y cambio climático 

     

    3.5 Aspectos de ordenamiento territorial que abordan los efectos del cambio climático en el paisaje cultural cafetero 

     

    3.6 Conclusión 

     

    3.7 Bibliografía 

     

    4. Incorporación de la gestión del cambio climático en los planes de desarrollo territorial mediante el uso del software 'klimaterratorium'

     

    4.1 Introducción 

     

    4.2 Aspectos metodológicos 

     

    4.3 Gestión del cambio climático en los planes de desarrollo de la ecorregión eje cafetero 

     

    4.4 Modelo conceptual para la gestión del cambio climático

    • Capacidades para la gestión del cambio climático
    • Desarrollo y transferencia de tecnologías apropiadas para la gestión del cambio climático 
    • Gestión del riesgo asociado a la variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Conservación de ecosistemas y áreas de interés ambiental estratégicos o vulnerables frente a la variabilidad y cambio climático 
    • Gestión del recurso hídrico frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático 
    • Salud pública frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Seguridad alimentaria frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Economía y sistemas productivos frente a escenarios de variabilidad y cambio climático
    • Reducción de emisiones para la mitigación del cambio climático

     

    4.5 Software 'klimaterratorium' 

    • Módulo de caracterización general 
    • Módulo de caracterización de la disponibilidad de información
    • Módulo de caracterización de la gobernanza 
    • Módulo de prioridades temáticas 
    • Módulo de recomendaciones finales 

     

    4.6 Conclusiones 

     

    4.7 Bibliografía seleccionada 

     

    5. Análisis situacional y propuesta para la gestión interinstitucional en torno a la variabilidad y cambio climático en Pereira 

     

    5.1 Introducción 

     

    5.2 Tendencia de la información institucional desde el orden nacional al local

     

    5.3 Principios y funciones de los agentes institucionales locales 

    • Instituciones públicas
    • Instituciones académicas 

     

    5.4 Alianzas institucionales para la generación de planes y proyectos

     

    5.5 Información institucional en función de la adaptación y mitigación ante la variabilidad y cambio climático 

     

    5.6 Vacíos y potencialidades presentes en la información institucional

     

    5.7 Construcción del protocolo interinstitucional para la gestión y el conocimiento de la información 

    • Análisis de la información obtenida por parte de las instituciones
    • Plataforma para la gestión de la información institucional 
    • Lineamientos generales de la 'plataforma de gestión de la información interinstitucional' 

     

    5.8 Conclusiones 

     

    5.9 Referencias 

     

    6. Escenario de riesgo climático en el contexto local del sistema urbano del municipio de Pereira-Colombia 

     

    6.1 Introducción 

     

    6.2 Metodología 

     

    6.3 Escenarios de cambio climático 

     

    6.4 Efectos del cambio climático sobre el área urbana de Pereira

     

    6.5 Conclusión 

     

    6.6 Bibliografía 

     

    7. Reducción de la vulnerabilidad climática desde la gestión ambiental de sistemas urbanos en el área metropolitana centro occidente de Colombia

     

    7.1 Introducción 

     

    7.2 Epistemes 

     

    7.3 Actores 

     

    7.4 Procesos de gestión ambiental para la reducción de la vulnerabilidad de sus sistemas estructurantes al cambio climático 

     

    7.5 Conclusiones 

     

    7.6 Bibliografía 

     

    8. Desplazamiento humano y cambio climático. Una aproximación al estado del arte para la comprensión de los modelos de ocupación territorial adaptativos 

     

    8.1 Introducción 

     

    8.2 Proyecciones sobre el cambio climático en Colombia 

     

    8.3 Relación cambio climático, variabilidad climática y riesgo 

     

    8.4 Desplazamiento y migraciones humanas como respuesta adaptativa al cambio climático 

     

    8.5 Conclusiones 

     

    8.6 Referencias 

     

    9. Atributos ambientales para la evaluación de la vulnerabilidad frente a variabilidad y cambio climático en interfases rur-urbanas -caso de estudio: corregimiento de Cerritos, Pereira, Colombia-

     

    9.1 Introducción 

     

    9.2 Metodología 

     

    9.3 Marco conceptual y analítico de los conceptos relacionados con la gestión del riesgo en el marco de la variabilidad y el cambio climático

    • Riesgo 
    • Amenaza 
    • Vulnerabilidad 
    • Variabilidad y Cambio Climático 
    • Interfases rururbanas 

     

    9.4 Caracterización de la interfase rur-urbana

    • Generalidades y localización 9.4.2 Procesos de ocupación 
    • Clima 
    • Proyecciones climáticas
    • Análisis de las amenazas 
    • Amenazas asociadas a variabilidad climática 
    • Amenazas asociadas a cambio climático 

     

    9.5 Propuesta y aplicación del modelo de estimación de la vulnerabilidad

    • Factores naturales de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores socioeconómicos de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores técnicos de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores institucionales de la vulnerabilidad 
    • Factores coyunturales de la vulnerabilidad 

     

    9.6 Síntesis de los resultados de la valoración de la vulnerabilidad

     

    9.7 Lineamientos de gestión ambiental local para la reducción de la vulnerabilidad en la interfase rur-urbana frente a los efectos relacionados con variabilidad y cambio climático

    • Lineamiento 1: la adaptación al cambio climático como estrategia para la reducción de la pobreza, y el aumento de la calidad de vida. 
    • Lineamiento 2: la reglamentación sostenible de los relictos de bosque, los usos del suelo y las actividades productivas.
    • Lineamiento 3: conocimiento del contexto del territorio frente a las amenazas relacionadas con variabilidad y cambio climático. 
    • Lineamiento 4: el aprovechamiento sostenible del recurso hídrico e implementación de sistemas alternativos de generación de energía limpia. 

     

    9.8 Conclusiones 

     

    9.9 Bibliografía

     

    Índice de tablas

     

    Índice de figuras  

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    Este libro sintoniza las causas que explican la pérdida de suelos, biodiversidad, bosques y aguas, en el país, como marco indispensable para entender el papel que pueden desempeñar los instrumentos económicos en la detención y reversión de estos procesos de deterioro ambiental y en el uso sostenible de los recursos naturales renovables. Así mismo, presenta las medidas actuales y potenciales de carácter fiscal y no fiscal para la gestión ambiental en el país. Se hace especial referencia a la reforma de las instituciones públicas, adelantada en Colombia a patir de 1990, así como el desarrollo de otras iniciativas -especialmente la actualización e incorporación de nuevos instrumentos económicos- dirigidas a fortalecer la gestión ambiental en Colombia.

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    Ingeniero civil. Magister en administración pública y economía, asesor del Ministerio del Medio Ambiente, mienbro actual del comité asesor del proyecto Comunicacional Tierra América del PNUMA, director del Instituto de Estudios Ambientales -IDEA- de la Universidad Nacional.

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    Presentación

    Manuel Rodríguez Becerra

     

    I

     

    FUERZAS TRANSECTORIALES SUBYACENTES QUE INCIDEN EN LAS PÉRDIDAS DE SUELOS, BIODIVERSIDAD, BOSQUES Y AGUAS

    Eduardo Uribe Botero, Manuel Rodríguez Becerra

     

    Introducción

     

    Capítulo I

    Análisis transectorial

    • Inequidad y pobreza

    • Causas institucionales 

    • Subvaloración de los recursos, de los bienes y de los servicios

    • La aparente sobreoferta y falta de dueño

    • La no internalización de los costos ambientales

    Tecnología

    • Las instituciones y las políticas de tecnología 

    • Desincentivos e incentivos para la adopción de tecnologías

    • Incoherencias en las políticas del Estado

     

    Capítulo II

    Análisis sectorial

    • Sector agrario

    - Deterioro asociado a la colonización

    - Deterioro asociado a los sistemas tradicionales de producción agrícola

    • El sector forestal

    • El sector minero

    • El sector Eléctrico

    • El sector industrial

    • Conclusiones

     

    II

    MEDIDAS ACTUALES Y POTENCIALES DE CARÁCTER